The diagnostic interview for depressive personality

John G. Gunderson, Katharine A. Phillips, Joseph Triebwasser, Robert M A Hirschfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The development of a new structured interview for depressive personality disorder is described. Method: A literature search yielded 32 traits associated with depressive personality; these traits were then used to develop the interview. Interrater reliability for the interview was tested in an initial group of 16 patients with longstanding depressive personality traits. Data from a second group of 67 subjects-54 with a possible clinical diagnosis of depressive personality and 13 normal volunteers-were used to examine the interview's psychometric properties and to modify its content. Factor analysis of the traits in the interview and modification of the instrument's structure was carried out on the basis of data from a third group of 526 subjects who were participating in a large epidemiologic study of mood disorders. Results: The Diagnostic Interview for Depressive Personality, which emerged from this process, assesses 30 personality traits that were shown to have satisfactory interrater reliability (kappa=0.67), test-retest reliability (kappa=0.41), and diagnostic reliability (kappa=0.62). A cutoff score of 42 (from a total possible score of 60) on the interview offers a useful threshold for diagnosis. Conclusions: This interview provides a reliable method for assessing depressive personality traits and establishing the diagnosis of depressive personality disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1300-1304
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume151
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1994

Fingerprint

Personality
Interviews
Personality Disorders
Depressive Disorder
Mood Disorders
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Statistical Factor Analysis
Epidemiologic Studies
Healthy Volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Gunderson, J. G., Phillips, K. A., Triebwasser, J., & Hirschfeld, R. M. A. (1994). The diagnostic interview for depressive personality. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151(9), 1300-1304.

The diagnostic interview for depressive personality. / Gunderson, John G.; Phillips, Katharine A.; Triebwasser, Joseph; Hirschfeld, Robert M A.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 151, No. 9, 09.1994, p. 1300-1304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gunderson, JG, Phillips, KA, Triebwasser, J & Hirschfeld, RMA 1994, 'The diagnostic interview for depressive personality', American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 151, no. 9, pp. 1300-1304.
Gunderson JG, Phillips KA, Triebwasser J, Hirschfeld RMA. The diagnostic interview for depressive personality. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1994 Sep;151(9):1300-1304.
Gunderson, John G. ; Phillips, Katharine A. ; Triebwasser, Joseph ; Hirschfeld, Robert M A. / The diagnostic interview for depressive personality. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 1994 ; Vol. 151, No. 9. pp. 1300-1304.
@article{f9eb78ebafe8481fa47f6588a3b1c557,
title = "The diagnostic interview for depressive personality",
abstract = "Objective: The development of a new structured interview for depressive personality disorder is described. Method: A literature search yielded 32 traits associated with depressive personality; these traits were then used to develop the interview. Interrater reliability for the interview was tested in an initial group of 16 patients with longstanding depressive personality traits. Data from a second group of 67 subjects-54 with a possible clinical diagnosis of depressive personality and 13 normal volunteers-were used to examine the interview's psychometric properties and to modify its content. Factor analysis of the traits in the interview and modification of the instrument's structure was carried out on the basis of data from a third group of 526 subjects who were participating in a large epidemiologic study of mood disorders. Results: The Diagnostic Interview for Depressive Personality, which emerged from this process, assesses 30 personality traits that were shown to have satisfactory interrater reliability (kappa=0.67), test-retest reliability (kappa=0.41), and diagnostic reliability (kappa=0.62). A cutoff score of 42 (from a total possible score of 60) on the interview offers a useful threshold for diagnosis. Conclusions: This interview provides a reliable method for assessing depressive personality traits and establishing the diagnosis of depressive personality disorder.",
author = "Gunderson, {John G.} and Phillips, {Katharine A.} and Joseph Triebwasser and Hirschfeld, {Robert M A}",
year = "1994",
month = "9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "151",
pages = "1300--1304",
journal = "American Journal of Psychiatry",
issn = "0002-953X",
publisher = "American Psychiatric Association",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The diagnostic interview for depressive personality

AU - Gunderson, John G.

AU - Phillips, Katharine A.

AU - Triebwasser, Joseph

AU - Hirschfeld, Robert M A

PY - 1994/9

Y1 - 1994/9

N2 - Objective: The development of a new structured interview for depressive personality disorder is described. Method: A literature search yielded 32 traits associated with depressive personality; these traits were then used to develop the interview. Interrater reliability for the interview was tested in an initial group of 16 patients with longstanding depressive personality traits. Data from a second group of 67 subjects-54 with a possible clinical diagnosis of depressive personality and 13 normal volunteers-were used to examine the interview's psychometric properties and to modify its content. Factor analysis of the traits in the interview and modification of the instrument's structure was carried out on the basis of data from a third group of 526 subjects who were participating in a large epidemiologic study of mood disorders. Results: The Diagnostic Interview for Depressive Personality, which emerged from this process, assesses 30 personality traits that were shown to have satisfactory interrater reliability (kappa=0.67), test-retest reliability (kappa=0.41), and diagnostic reliability (kappa=0.62). A cutoff score of 42 (from a total possible score of 60) on the interview offers a useful threshold for diagnosis. Conclusions: This interview provides a reliable method for assessing depressive personality traits and establishing the diagnosis of depressive personality disorder.

AB - Objective: The development of a new structured interview for depressive personality disorder is described. Method: A literature search yielded 32 traits associated with depressive personality; these traits were then used to develop the interview. Interrater reliability for the interview was tested in an initial group of 16 patients with longstanding depressive personality traits. Data from a second group of 67 subjects-54 with a possible clinical diagnosis of depressive personality and 13 normal volunteers-were used to examine the interview's psychometric properties and to modify its content. Factor analysis of the traits in the interview and modification of the instrument's structure was carried out on the basis of data from a third group of 526 subjects who were participating in a large epidemiologic study of mood disorders. Results: The Diagnostic Interview for Depressive Personality, which emerged from this process, assesses 30 personality traits that were shown to have satisfactory interrater reliability (kappa=0.67), test-retest reliability (kappa=0.41), and diagnostic reliability (kappa=0.62). A cutoff score of 42 (from a total possible score of 60) on the interview offers a useful threshold for diagnosis. Conclusions: This interview provides a reliable method for assessing depressive personality traits and establishing the diagnosis of depressive personality disorder.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028070001&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028070001&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8067484

AN - SCOPUS:0028070001

VL - 151

SP - 1300

EP - 1304

JO - American Journal of Psychiatry

JF - American Journal of Psychiatry

SN - 0002-953X

IS - 9

ER -