The draft genome of a new Verminephrobacter eiseniae strain: A nephridial symbiont of earthworms

Arun Arumugaperumal, Sayan Paul, Saranya Lathakumari, Ravindran Balasubramani, Sudhakar Sivasubramaniam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose: Verminephrobacter is a genus of symbiotic bacteria that live in the nephridia of earthworms. The bacteria are recruited during the embryonic stage of the worm and transferred from generation to generation in the same manner. The worm provides shelter and food for the bacteria. The bacteria deliver micronutrients to the worm. The present study reports the genome sequence assembly and annotation of a new strain of Verminephrobacter called Verminephrobacter eiseniae msu. Methods: We separated the sequences of a new Verminephrobacter strain from the whole genome of Eisenia fetida using the sequence of V. eiseniae EF01-2, and the bacterial genome was assembled using the CLC Workbench. The de novo-assembled genome was annotated and analyzed for the protein domains, functions, and metabolic pathways. Besides, the multigenome comparison was performed to interpret the phylogenomic relationship of the strain with other proteobacteria. Result: The FastqSifter sifted a total of 593,130 Verminephrobacter genomic reads. The de novo assembly of the reads generated 1832 contigs with a total genome size of 4.4 Mb. The Average Nucleotide Identity denoted the bacterium belongs to the species V. eiseniae, and the 16S rRNA analysis confirmed it as a new strain of V. eiseniae. The AUGUSTUS genome annotation predicted a total of 3809 protein-coding genes; of them, 3805 genes were identified from the homology search. Conclusion: The bioinformatics analysis confirmed the bacterium is an isolate of V. eiseniae, and it was named Verminephrobacter eiseniae msu. The whole genome of the bacteria can be utilized as a useful resource to explore the area of symbiosis further.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3
JournalAnnals of Microbiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 25 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Bacterial genome
  • Earthworm
  • Symbiosis
  • Verminephrobacter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


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