INTRODUCTION:: Anesthesiologists face a dilemma in determining appropriate dosing of anesthetic drugs in obese children. In this study we determined the dose of propofol that caused loss of consciousness in 95% (ED95) of obese and nonobese children as determined by loss of eye lash reflex. METHODS:: Forty obese (body mass index [BMI] > 95th percentile for age and gender) and 40 normal weight (BMI 25th to 84th percentile) healthy ASA 1 to 2 children ages 3 to 17 years presenting for surgical procedures were studied using a biased coin design. The primary endpoint was loss of lash reflex at 20 seconds after propofol administration. The first patient in each group received 1.0 mg/kg of IV propofol, and subsequent patients received predetermined propofol doses based on the lash reflex response in the previous patient. If the lash reflex was present, the next patient received a dose increment of 0.25 mg/kg. If the lash reflex was absent, the next patient was randomized to receive either the same dose (95% probability) or a dose decrement of 0.25 mg/kg (5% probability). The ED95 and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using isotonic regression and bootstrapping methods respectively. RESULTS:: The ED95 of propofol for loss of lash reflex was significantly lower in obese pediatric patients (2.0 mg/kg, approximate 95% CI, 1.8 to 2.2 mg/kg) in comparison with nonobese patients (3.2 mg/kg, approximate 95% CI, 2.7 to 3.2 mg/kg), P ≤ 0.05. DISCUSSION:: A simple approach to deciding what dose of propofol should be used for induction of anesthesia in children ages 3 to 17 years is to first establish the child's BMI on readily available gender-specific charts. Obese children (BMI >95th percentile for age and gender) require a lower weight-based dose of propofol for induction of anesthesia, than do normal-weight children.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine