The Effect of Tai Chi on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain in Cognitively Impaired Elders: Pilot Study

Pao Feng Tsai, Cornelia Beck, Jason Y. Chang, Jody Hagen, Yong Fang Kuo, Paula K. Roberson, Karl Rosengren, Linda Beuscher, Catherine L. Doan, K. J.S. Anand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article reports a pilot study of the effect of tai chi (TC), a pharmacological adjunct and mild aerobic exercise, on osteoarthritic knee pain in elders with cognitive impairment (CI). The TC program included a warm-up, 12-form Sun-style TC, and a cool-down period, for a total of 20-40 minutes per session, twice a week for 15 weeks. The results showed no significant differences in knee pain after the TC intervention in 7 elders with CI. However, more minutes of TC attendance were related to improved pain scores (Spearman's rho = .78, P < .05). Greater accuracy in TC performance was also correlated with improvements in pain scores (Spearman's rho = .70, P = .08). Of 4 elders who participated in TC practice regularly (more than 20 sessions), 3 showed clinically important improvements, but 3 elders who participated in no sessions or only a few sessions showed no improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-139
Number of pages8
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology

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    Tsai, P. F., Beck, C., Chang, J. Y., Hagen, J., Kuo, Y. F., Roberson, P. K., Rosengren, K., Beuscher, L., Doan, C. L., & Anand, K. J. S. (2009). The Effect of Tai Chi on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain in Cognitively Impaired Elders: Pilot Study. Geriatric Nursing, 30(2), 132-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gerinurse.2007.11.002