The epidemiology of burn wound infections: Then and now

C. Glen Mayhall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

171 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Burn wound infections are a serious complication of thermal injury. Although pneumonia is now the most important infection in patients with burns, burn wound infection remains a serious complication unique to the burn recipient. The methods for managing thermal injury have evolved during the past 50 years. This evolution has been accompanied by changes in the etiology, epidemiology, and approach to prevention of burn wound infections. In the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s and into the mid-1980s, burn wounds were treated by the exposure method, with application of topical antimicrobials to the burn wound surface and gradual debridement with immersion hydrotherapy. As early burn wound excision and wound closure became the focal point of burn wound management, accompanied by a change from immersion hydrotherapy to showering hydrotherapy, the rate of burn wound infection appeared to decrease. Few epidemiologic studies have been done since this change in the approach to management of thermal injury. There are few data on the epidemiology of burn wound infections from the era of early excision and closure. Data are needed on infection rates for excised and closed burn wounds, the etiologies of these infections, and the epidemiology and the prevention of such infections. Additional studies are needed on the indications for topical and antimicrobial prophylaxis and selective decontamination of the digestive tract.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-550
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2003

Fingerprint

Wound Infection
Epidemiology
Hydrotherapy
Wounds and Injuries
Hot Temperature
Immersion
Infection
Decontamination
Debridement
Burns
Gastrointestinal Tract
Epidemiologic Studies
Pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

The epidemiology of burn wound infections : Then and now. / Mayhall, C. Glen.

In: Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 37, No. 4, 15.08.2003, p. 543-550.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mayhall, C. Glen. / The epidemiology of burn wound infections : Then and now. In: Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2003 ; Vol. 37, No. 4. pp. 543-550.
@article{a1a3f9d59d134d9591eb18e10618dce3,
title = "The epidemiology of burn wound infections: Then and now",
abstract = "Burn wound infections are a serious complication of thermal injury. Although pneumonia is now the most important infection in patients with burns, burn wound infection remains a serious complication unique to the burn recipient. The methods for managing thermal injury have evolved during the past 50 years. This evolution has been accompanied by changes in the etiology, epidemiology, and approach to prevention of burn wound infections. In the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s and into the mid-1980s, burn wounds were treated by the exposure method, with application of topical antimicrobials to the burn wound surface and gradual debridement with immersion hydrotherapy. As early burn wound excision and wound closure became the focal point of burn wound management, accompanied by a change from immersion hydrotherapy to showering hydrotherapy, the rate of burn wound infection appeared to decrease. Few epidemiologic studies have been done since this change in the approach to management of thermal injury. There are few data on the epidemiology of burn wound infections from the era of early excision and closure. Data are needed on infection rates for excised and closed burn wounds, the etiologies of these infections, and the epidemiology and the prevention of such infections. Additional studies are needed on the indications for topical and antimicrobial prophylaxis and selective decontamination of the digestive tract.",
author = "Mayhall, {C. Glen}",
year = "2003",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1086/376993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "543--550",
journal = "Clinical Infectious Diseases",
issn = "1058-4838",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The epidemiology of burn wound infections

T2 - Then and now

AU - Mayhall, C. Glen

PY - 2003/8/15

Y1 - 2003/8/15

N2 - Burn wound infections are a serious complication of thermal injury. Although pneumonia is now the most important infection in patients with burns, burn wound infection remains a serious complication unique to the burn recipient. The methods for managing thermal injury have evolved during the past 50 years. This evolution has been accompanied by changes in the etiology, epidemiology, and approach to prevention of burn wound infections. In the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s and into the mid-1980s, burn wounds were treated by the exposure method, with application of topical antimicrobials to the burn wound surface and gradual debridement with immersion hydrotherapy. As early burn wound excision and wound closure became the focal point of burn wound management, accompanied by a change from immersion hydrotherapy to showering hydrotherapy, the rate of burn wound infection appeared to decrease. Few epidemiologic studies have been done since this change in the approach to management of thermal injury. There are few data on the epidemiology of burn wound infections from the era of early excision and closure. Data are needed on infection rates for excised and closed burn wounds, the etiologies of these infections, and the epidemiology and the prevention of such infections. Additional studies are needed on the indications for topical and antimicrobial prophylaxis and selective decontamination of the digestive tract.

AB - Burn wound infections are a serious complication of thermal injury. Although pneumonia is now the most important infection in patients with burns, burn wound infection remains a serious complication unique to the burn recipient. The methods for managing thermal injury have evolved during the past 50 years. This evolution has been accompanied by changes in the etiology, epidemiology, and approach to prevention of burn wound infections. In the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s and into the mid-1980s, burn wounds were treated by the exposure method, with application of topical antimicrobials to the burn wound surface and gradual debridement with immersion hydrotherapy. As early burn wound excision and wound closure became the focal point of burn wound management, accompanied by a change from immersion hydrotherapy to showering hydrotherapy, the rate of burn wound infection appeared to decrease. Few epidemiologic studies have been done since this change in the approach to management of thermal injury. There are few data on the epidemiology of burn wound infections from the era of early excision and closure. Data are needed on infection rates for excised and closed burn wounds, the etiologies of these infections, and the epidemiology and the prevention of such infections. Additional studies are needed on the indications for topical and antimicrobial prophylaxis and selective decontamination of the digestive tract.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0042943261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0042943261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1086/376993

DO - 10.1086/376993

M3 - Article

C2 - 12905139

AN - SCOPUS:0042943261

VL - 37

SP - 543

EP - 550

JO - Clinical Infectious Diseases

JF - Clinical Infectious Diseases

SN - 1058-4838

IS - 4

ER -