The evolution of the study of anatomy in Japan

R. Shane Tubbs, Marios Loukas, David Kato, Mohammad R. Ardalan, Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja, Aaron A Cohen Gadol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The following review focuses on how the study of anatomy in Japan has evolved throughout the centuries; specifically, we investigate anatomical knowledge during the primitive, ancient, feudal, and early modern periods of Japanese history. Early vague and mythical anatomical concepts derived from China prevailed for many centuries in Japan. Kajiwara wrote one of the earliest anatomical works in 1302. As a science, anatomy was the first basic science to be established in Japan, beginning simplistically during the 1600s and flourishing more recently with the onset of Meiji Restoration. As a result, Japan has produced several of the most influential anatomists of the 20th century, including Buntaro Adachi, who added detail to our knowledge of the vascular system and its variations; and Sunao Tawara, who discovered the atrioventricular node. Herein, we discuss the ways in which Japan has added to and promoted the anatomical sciences. Clin. Anat. 22:425-435, 2009.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-435
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anatomical
  • Asia
  • History
  • Japanese
  • Orient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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    Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M., Kato, D., Ardalan, M. R., Mohajel Shoja, M., & Gadol, A. A. C. (2009). The evolution of the study of anatomy in Japan. Clinical Anatomy, 22(4), 425-435. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.20781