The forces of labour

Catalin S. Buhimschi, Irina A. Buhimschi, Andrew M. Malinow, George R. Saade, Robert E. Garfield, Carl P. Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The force of labour is the result of complex factors and their interactions. A complete understanding of the mechanisms that serve to control uterine contractility and human labour is hindered by the fact that human labour has redundant mechanisms to enhance survivability. However, these complexities do not obviate the need for objective investigation. Such studies have provided a growing understanding of the forces of labour and lead to changes in clinical management. We hope there will be more in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-307
Number of pages35
JournalFetal and Maternal Medicine Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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