The Growth Inhibitor of African Green Monkey (BSC-1) Cells Is Transforming Growth Factors β1 and β2

John M. McPherson, Steven J. Sawamura, Yasushi Ogawa, Kelly Dineley, Pedro Carrillo, Karl A. Piez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The growth inhibitory activity in conditioned medium of African green monkey kidney epithelial (BSC-1) cells that has been shown to arise, at least in part, from transforming growth factor β2 (TGF-β2) [Hanks, S. K., Armour, R., Baldwin, J. H., Maldonado, F., Spiess, J., & Holley, R. W. (1988) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85, 79–82] was tested for growth inhibitory activity prior to and following acidification. Similar to TGF-,β1 from human platelets, the inhibitory activity from BSC-1 cells demonstrated an 8-10-fold stimulation following acidification, showing that the activity was secreted from the cells in latent form. Conditioned medium from BSC-1 cells was collected, acidified, and fractionated by procedures that separate TGF-β1 and-2. Biological activity was assayed by using the BSC-1 cell proliferation assay. Two active proteins with properties similar to known TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 were identified. Identity was confirmed by using immunological and amino acid sequencing techniques. These results were consistent with Northern blot analysis of total BSC-1 RNA, using cDNA probes for TGF-β1 and TGF-β2, which demonstrated strong signals for both mRNAs. Metabolic labeling in conjunction with two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed that the cells secrete approximately 10% TGF-β1 and 90% TGF-β2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3442-3447
Number of pages6
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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