The health of prisoners

Seena Fazel, Jacques Baillargeon

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    746 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    More than 10 million people are incarcerated worldwide; this number has increased by about a million in the past decade. Mental disorders and infectious diseases are more common in prisoners than in the general population. High rates of suicide within prison and increased mortality from all causes on release have been documented in many countries. The contribution of prisons to illness is unknown, although shortcomings in treatment and aftercare provision contribute to adverse outcomes. Research has highlighted that women, prisoners aged 55 years and older, and juveniles present with higher rates of many disorders than do other prisoners. The contribution of initiatives to improve the health of prisoners by reducing the burden of infectious and chronic diseases, suicide, other causes of premature mortality and violence, and counteracting the cycle of reoffending should be further examined.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)956-965
    Number of pages10
    JournalThe Lancet
    Volume377
    Issue number9769
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2011

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Medicine

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