BACKGROUND: Howard University Hospital (HUH) is the first hospital in the nation to have instituted a hospital-wide routine rapid HIV screening campaign as recommended by the CDC for healthcare settings. METHODS: HUH developed a protocol and implemented a hospital-wide routine HIV screening in October 2006. Rapid oral fluid-based HIV testing was conducted throughout the hospital using the OraSure OraQuick Advance Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody Test. Patients with a preliminarily reactive test result were either referred for confirmatory testing or offered a Western Blot confirmatory test on-site and referred for follow-up care. This is a report on the progress of this program for the first eight months. RESULTS: Of the 9,817 patients offered HIV testing, 5,642 consented. The mean age of the screened population was 40.7 years. Ninety percent of the patients screened were black and 55% were female. A preliminarily reactive test result was identified in 139 patients for a seroprevalence rate of 2.46%. Of these patients, 136, or 98% were black; 63% were male and 37% were female. HIV prevalence in the overall sample, among blacks, and among both black males and females peaked in the 40-54 year old age group. Challenges were experienced initially in securing confirmatory tests. CONCLUSIONS: Hospital-wide routine HIV screening is both possible and productive. The routine HIV screening campaign instituted at Howard University Hospital has identified a significant number of previously unidentified HIV positive persons. Success in assuring confirmatory testing and transition to care improved as time progressed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association|
|State||Published - 2009|
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