The Howard University Hospital experience with routineized HIV screening: a progress report.

Victor F. Scott, Amy Sitapati, Sayyida Martin, Pamela Summers, Michael Washington, Fernando Daniels, Charles Mouton, George Bonney, Victor Apprey, Virginia Webster, Avemaria Smith, Geoffrey Mountvarner, Monica Daftary, Celia J. Maxwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Howard University Hospital (HUH) is the first hospital in the nation to have instituted a hospital-wide routine rapid HIV screening campaign as recommended by the CDC for healthcare settings. METHODS: HUH developed a protocol and implemented a hospital-wide routine HIV screening in October 2006. Rapid oral fluid-based HIV testing was conducted throughout the hospital using the OraSure OraQuick Advance Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody Test. Patients with a preliminarily reactive test result were either referred for confirmatory testing or offered a Western Blot confirmatory test on-site and referred for follow-up care. This is a report on the progress of this program for the first eight months. RESULTS: Of the 9,817 patients offered HIV testing, 5,642 consented. The mean age of the screened population was 40.7 years. Ninety percent of the patients screened were black and 55% were female. A preliminarily reactive test result was identified in 139 patients for a seroprevalence rate of 2.46%. Of these patients, 136, or 98% were black; 63% were male and 37% were female. HIV prevalence in the overall sample, among blacks, and among both black males and females peaked in the 40-54 year old age group. Challenges were experienced initially in securing confirmatory tests. CONCLUSIONS: Hospital-wide routine HIV screening is both possible and productive. The routine HIV screening campaign instituted at Howard University Hospital has identified a significant number of previously unidentified HIV positive persons. Success in assuring confirmatory testing and transition to care improved as time progressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)429-434
Number of pages6
JournalTransactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
Volume120
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Scott, V. F., Sitapati, A., Martin, S., Summers, P., Washington, M., Daniels, F., Mouton, C., Bonney, G., Apprey, V., Webster, V., Smith, A., Mountvarner, G., Daftary, M., & Maxwell, C. J. (2009). The Howard University Hospital experience with routineized HIV screening: a progress report. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association, 120, 429-434.