The impact of appearance-related teasing by family members

Helene Keery, Kerri Boutelle, Patricia Van Den Berg, J. Kevin Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

158 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluated the prevalence and effects of teasing by family members on body dissatisfaction, eating disturbance, and psychological functioning. Methods: Self-report data were collected from 372 middle school girls who were part of a larger study in a Tampa Bay, Florida area middle school (mean age: 12.6 years; 85% Caucasian). Results: Twenty-three percent of participants reported appearance-related teasing by a parent, and 12% were teased by a parent about being heavy. Nineteen percent of the girls reported appearance-related teasing by fathers, 13% reported appearance-related teasing by mothers, and 29% reported appearance-related teasing by siblings. After controlling for body mass index (BMI) and maternal teasing, paternal teasing was a significant predictor of body dissatisfaction, comparison, thin-ideal internalization, restriction, bulimic behaviors, self-esteem, and depression. After controlling for BMI and paternal teasing, maternal teasing was a significant predictor of depression. After controlling for BMI and maternal teasing, paternal teasing significantly increased the odds of having a sibling who teases. Girls who reported being teased by at least one sibling demonstrated significantly higher levels of body dissatisfaction, comparison, thin-ideal internalization, restriction, bulimic behaviors, depression, and significantly lower levels of self-esteem than those girls who reported they were not teased by their siblings. Frequency of teasing was associated with higher levels of negative outcomes. Conclusions: This study has implications for treatment and prevention of eating disorders. The results suggest that health care providers should assess appearance-related teasing in their patients' lives to identify girls who may be at risk for body image and eating disturbance and poor psychological functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-127
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Siblings
Mothers
Body Mass Index
Depression
Self Concept
Eating
Psychology
Body Image
Fathers
Health Personnel
Self Report
Cross-Sectional Studies
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Body image
  • Eating disorders
  • Risk factors
  • Teasing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

The impact of appearance-related teasing by family members. / Keery, Helene; Boutelle, Kerri; Van Den Berg, Patricia; Thompson, J. Kevin.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 37, No. 2, 08.2005, p. 120-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keery, H, Boutelle, K, Van Den Berg, P & Thompson, JK 2005, 'The impact of appearance-related teasing by family members', Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 120-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.08.015
Keery, Helene ; Boutelle, Kerri ; Van Den Berg, Patricia ; Thompson, J. Kevin. / The impact of appearance-related teasing by family members. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 2005 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 120-127.
@article{ea75b35094d142b187a54a5d75d924fd,
title = "The impact of appearance-related teasing by family members",
abstract = "Purpose: This study evaluated the prevalence and effects of teasing by family members on body dissatisfaction, eating disturbance, and psychological functioning. Methods: Self-report data were collected from 372 middle school girls who were part of a larger study in a Tampa Bay, Florida area middle school (mean age: 12.6 years; 85{\%} Caucasian). Results: Twenty-three percent of participants reported appearance-related teasing by a parent, and 12{\%} were teased by a parent about being heavy. Nineteen percent of the girls reported appearance-related teasing by fathers, 13{\%} reported appearance-related teasing by mothers, and 29{\%} reported appearance-related teasing by siblings. After controlling for body mass index (BMI) and maternal teasing, paternal teasing was a significant predictor of body dissatisfaction, comparison, thin-ideal internalization, restriction, bulimic behaviors, self-esteem, and depression. After controlling for BMI and paternal teasing, maternal teasing was a significant predictor of depression. After controlling for BMI and maternal teasing, paternal teasing significantly increased the odds of having a sibling who teases. Girls who reported being teased by at least one sibling demonstrated significantly higher levels of body dissatisfaction, comparison, thin-ideal internalization, restriction, bulimic behaviors, depression, and significantly lower levels of self-esteem than those girls who reported they were not teased by their siblings. Frequency of teasing was associated with higher levels of negative outcomes. Conclusions: This study has implications for treatment and prevention of eating disorders. The results suggest that health care providers should assess appearance-related teasing in their patients' lives to identify girls who may be at risk for body image and eating disturbance and poor psychological functioning.",
keywords = "Body image, Eating disorders, Risk factors, Teasing",
author = "Helene Keery and Kerri Boutelle and {Van Den Berg}, Patricia and Thompson, {J. Kevin}",
year = "2005",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.08.015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "120--127",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Health",
issn = "1054-139X",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of appearance-related teasing by family members

AU - Keery, Helene

AU - Boutelle, Kerri

AU - Van Den Berg, Patricia

AU - Thompson, J. Kevin

PY - 2005/8

Y1 - 2005/8

N2 - Purpose: This study evaluated the prevalence and effects of teasing by family members on body dissatisfaction, eating disturbance, and psychological functioning. Methods: Self-report data were collected from 372 middle school girls who were part of a larger study in a Tampa Bay, Florida area middle school (mean age: 12.6 years; 85% Caucasian). Results: Twenty-three percent of participants reported appearance-related teasing by a parent, and 12% were teased by a parent about being heavy. Nineteen percent of the girls reported appearance-related teasing by fathers, 13% reported appearance-related teasing by mothers, and 29% reported appearance-related teasing by siblings. After controlling for body mass index (BMI) and maternal teasing, paternal teasing was a significant predictor of body dissatisfaction, comparison, thin-ideal internalization, restriction, bulimic behaviors, self-esteem, and depression. After controlling for BMI and paternal teasing, maternal teasing was a significant predictor of depression. After controlling for BMI and maternal teasing, paternal teasing significantly increased the odds of having a sibling who teases. Girls who reported being teased by at least one sibling demonstrated significantly higher levels of body dissatisfaction, comparison, thin-ideal internalization, restriction, bulimic behaviors, depression, and significantly lower levels of self-esteem than those girls who reported they were not teased by their siblings. Frequency of teasing was associated with higher levels of negative outcomes. Conclusions: This study has implications for treatment and prevention of eating disorders. The results suggest that health care providers should assess appearance-related teasing in their patients' lives to identify girls who may be at risk for body image and eating disturbance and poor psychological functioning.

AB - Purpose: This study evaluated the prevalence and effects of teasing by family members on body dissatisfaction, eating disturbance, and psychological functioning. Methods: Self-report data were collected from 372 middle school girls who were part of a larger study in a Tampa Bay, Florida area middle school (mean age: 12.6 years; 85% Caucasian). Results: Twenty-three percent of participants reported appearance-related teasing by a parent, and 12% were teased by a parent about being heavy. Nineteen percent of the girls reported appearance-related teasing by fathers, 13% reported appearance-related teasing by mothers, and 29% reported appearance-related teasing by siblings. After controlling for body mass index (BMI) and maternal teasing, paternal teasing was a significant predictor of body dissatisfaction, comparison, thin-ideal internalization, restriction, bulimic behaviors, self-esteem, and depression. After controlling for BMI and paternal teasing, maternal teasing was a significant predictor of depression. After controlling for BMI and maternal teasing, paternal teasing significantly increased the odds of having a sibling who teases. Girls who reported being teased by at least one sibling demonstrated significantly higher levels of body dissatisfaction, comparison, thin-ideal internalization, restriction, bulimic behaviors, depression, and significantly lower levels of self-esteem than those girls who reported they were not teased by their siblings. Frequency of teasing was associated with higher levels of negative outcomes. Conclusions: This study has implications for treatment and prevention of eating disorders. The results suggest that health care providers should assess appearance-related teasing in their patients' lives to identify girls who may be at risk for body image and eating disturbance and poor psychological functioning.

KW - Body image

KW - Eating disorders

KW - Risk factors

KW - Teasing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=22144462790&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=22144462790&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.08.015

DO - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.08.015

M3 - Article

C2 - 16026721

AN - SCOPUS:22144462790

VL - 37

SP - 120

EP - 127

JO - Journal of Adolescent Health

JF - Journal of Adolescent Health

SN - 1054-139X

IS - 2

ER -