Objective: The objective of this study was to determine if high-dose antibiotic prophylaxis with cefazolin decreases the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) after a cesarean delivery. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent a cesarean section. Two preoperative antibiotic regimens were compared: low dose versus high dose. The primary outcome was SSI. A sample size of 343 patients per group was calculated for a 50% reduction in risk for SSI. Results: Seven hundred and thirty women were included with an incidence of SSI of 5%. Women who received the high-dose antibiotic regimen had lower rates of risk factors for SSI. The only exception was skin incision closure with staples. The rate of SSI did not differ between the low-dose and high-dose groups, even after adjusting for confounding variables [aOR 1.78, 95% CI (0.82–3.9)]. Conclusions: Higher doses of antibiotic prophylaxis did not decrease the rates of SSI after cesarean delivery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology