OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate sex differences and the impact of social living situation on individual functional independence measure outcomes after stroke rehabilitation. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study using Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries (N = 125,548) who were discharged from inpatient rehabilitation facilities in 2013 and 2014 after a stroke. Discharge individual functional independence measure score, dichotomized as ≥5 and <5, was the primary outcome measure. A two-step generalized linear mixed model was used to measure the effect of sex on each functional independence measure item while controlling for many clinical and sociodemographic covariates. RESULTS: After adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors, females had higher odds of reaching a supervision level for 14 of 18 functional independence measure items. Males had higher odds of reaching a supervision level on 2 of 18 functional independence measure items. Individuals who lived alone before their stroke had higher odds of reaching a supervision level than individuals who lived with a caregiver or with family for all functional independence measure items. CONCLUSIONS: When sociodemographic and clinical factors are controlled, females are more likely to discharge from inpatient rehabilitation at a supervision level or better for most functional independence measure items. Individuals who live alone before their stroke have higher odds of discharging at a supervision level or better.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation