The incidence of hip dislocation after posterior approach primary total hip arthroplasty: comparison of two different posterior repair techniques

E. Dimentberg, B. Barimani, M. Alqahtani, B. Tayara, E. Belzile, A. Albers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains one of the most successful orthopedic surgical procedures. The posterior approach is associated with a higher incidence of post-operative dislocations than others. Adequate posterior soft tissue repair techniques, including capsulorrhaphy and transosseous bone sutures in the greater trochanter effectively reduce the dislocation rate. Post-operative “posterior hip precautions” were historically believed to reduce dislocation risks, although not clearly proven. The first protocol consists of capsulorrhaphy with the prescription of post-operative posterior hip precautions (TT) and the second, transosseous bone sutures without precautions (TB). This study aims to determine the optimal protocol to decrease the dislocation rate following posterior approach primary THA. Materials and methods: A 10-year retrospective case–control chart review analyzed demographic, pre-, intra-, and post-surgical parameters. Primary outcomes were the difference in dislocation and revision surgery rates between protocols. Secondary outcomes included the incidence of recurrent dislocations and the identification of predictors of dislocation. Results: 2,242 THAs were reviewed and 26 (1.2%) resulted in dislocation. Increased age (p = 0.04) ASA score (p = 0.03) and larger acetabular cup size (p < 0.001) were associated with heightened risk. Tendon to tendon (TT) repair saw a 1.62% dislocation rate versus 0.98% for tendon-to-bone (TB) repair, although statistically insignificant (p = 0.2). Transosseous repair resulted in recurrent dislocations for 8/16 (50%) patients compared to 6/10 (60%) in the suture group (p ≤ 0.001). No significance was found for prescription of posterior hip precautions. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to perform a direct comparison of TT repair with posterior precautions to TB repair without posterior precautions. Similarity in dislocation rate, decreased recurrent events and the alleviated patient burden from precautions leads the authors to recommend the TB repair without precautions for a successful THA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3605-3612
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Volume143
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Capsulorrhaphy
  • Dislocation
  • Posterior hip precautions
  • Total hip arthroplasty
  • Transosseous repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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