The influence of decreased parental resources on the efficacy of a responsive parenting intervention

Karen E. Smith, Susan H. Landry, Paul R. Swank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations


To understand whether a responsive parenting intervention for socially disadvantaged mothers was related to preintervention parenting resources, the authors examined both of these conditions as moderators of behavior change in 264 participating families (term, n = 120; very low birth weight, n = 144). Families were randomly assigned to an intervention that targeted responsive behaviors or received developmental information. Limited internal resources, particularly higher levels of anger/hostility, were related to less positive change for the broadest range of responsive behaviors for mothers in the information-only condition but not those in the intervention. Decreased social support moderated less change in provision of rich language input. A systematic session format and parent facilitator may be keys to understanding why a responsive parenting intervention can be effective in spite of limited parental resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-720
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005



  • Infants
  • Intervention
  • Parental resources
  • Parenting
  • Responsiveness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this