The insulin-like growth factor axis and growth in children with chronic renal failure: A report of the southwest pediatric nephrology study group

David R. Powell, Susan K. Durham, Frances Liu, Bonita K. Baker, Phillip D.K. Lee, Sandra L. Watkins, Phil G. Campbell, Eileen D. Brewer, Raymond L. Hintz, Ronald J. Hogg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children with chronic renal failure (CRF) are often growth retarded despite normal serum levels of GH and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). Recent studies suggest that excess IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the 35- kDa fractions of CRF serum contribute to CRF growth failure This report characterizes the relationship between IGFBP-3 and IGF peptides in the serum of growth-retarded CRF children. Size-exclusion chromatography at pH 7.4 found IGFBP-3 and IGFs almost exclusively in the 150-kDa fractions of normal serum, where their molar stoichiometry was approximately 1:1. However, similar chromatography of CRF serum found a molar excess of IGFBP-3 over total IGFs in the 150-kDa fractions and large amounts of IGFs in the 35-kDa fractions. In the 150-kDa fractions of CRF serum, IGFBP- 3 was present in normal amounts, but a greater than normal amount was in the form of a 29-kDa IGFBP-3 fragment. Treatment of these CRF children with recombinant human GH increased the molar excess of IGFBP-3 over total IGFs in the 150-kDa fractions, the amount of IGFBP-3 and total IGFs in the 150-kDa fractions, and the amount of IGFs, but not IGFBPs, in the 35-kDa fractions. These data suggest that in untreated CRF children, proteolysis of IGFBP-3 in the 150- kDa fractions releases IGFs to the excess IGFBPs in the 35-kDa fractions, but insufficient IGF is released to overcome the growth-inhibiting effects of these excess IGFBPs. Treatment with recombinant human GH increases levels of IGFs and IGFBP-3 in the 150-kDa fractions, and subsequent IGFBP-3 proteolysis releases sufficient IGF to overcome the growth inhibitory effects of excess IGFBPs in the 35-kDa fractions of CRF serum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1654-1661
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume83
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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