The Mexican Cognitive Aging Ancillary Study (Mex-Cog): Study Design and Methods

Silvia Mejia-Arango, Rene Nevarez, Alejandra Michaels-Obregon, Belem Trejo-Valdivia, Laura Rosario Mendoza-Alvarado, Ana Luisa Sosa-Ortiz, Adrian Martinez-Ruiz, Rebeca Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Objective: Describe the protocol sample and instruments of the Cognitive Aging Ancillary Study in Mexico (Mex-Cog). The study performs an in-depth cognitive assessment in a subsample of older adults of the ongoing Mexican Health and Aging Study (MHAS). The Mex-Cog is part of the Harmonized Cognitive Assessment Protocol (HCAP) design to facilitate cross-national comparisons of the prevalence and trends of dementia in aging populations around the world, funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA). Methods: The study protocol consists of a cognitive assessment instrument for the target subject and an informant questionnaire. All cognitive measures were selected and adapted by a team of experts from different ongoing studies following criteria to warrant reliable and comparable cognitive instruments. The informant questionnaire is from the 10/66 Dementia Study in Mexico. Results: A total of 2,265 subjects aged 55-104 years participated, representing a 70% response rate. Validity analyses showed the adequacy of the content validity, proper quality-control procedures that sustained data integrity, high reliability, and internal structure. Conclusions: The Mex-Cog study provides in-depth cognitive data that enhances the study of cognitive aging in two ways. First, linking to MHAS longitudinal data on cognition, health, genetics, biomarkers, economic resources, health care, family arrangements, and psychosocial factors expands the scope of information on cognitive impairment and dementia among Mexican adults. Second, harmonization with other similar studies around the globe promotes cross-national studies on cognition with comparable data. Mex-Cog data is publicly available at no cost to researchers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104210
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020


  • Cognitive aging
  • Epidemiologic studies
  • MHAS
  • Mexico
  • Population-based studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Aging
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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