The mucopolysaccharidoses are a group of genetic diseases characterized by storage of incompletely degraded glycosaminoglycans. Such storage causes marked distortion of many tissues with consequent severe somatic changes and mental retardation. Storage of glycosaminoglycans results from markedly diminished activity of specific hydrolases requisite for the normal degradation of glycosaminoglycans. The specific enzymic defects have been identified in 9 different diseases. In some cases evidence has been obtained indicating the existence of additional allelic diseases based in the same enzyme. The knowledge obtained from these studies has made prenatal diagnosis possible and has led to the possibility that therapy may be undertaken utilizing enzyme replacement. (88 references).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1976|
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