The naming of the cranial nerves

A historical review

Matthew C. Davis, Christoph J. Griessenauer, Anand N. Bosmia, R. Shane Tubbs, Mohammadali Mohajel Shoja

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The giants of medicine and anatomy have each left their mark on the history of the cranial nerves, and much of the history of anatomic study can be viewed through the lens of how the cranial nerves were identified and named. A comprehensive literature review on the classification of the cranial names was performed. The identification of the cranial nerves began with Galen in the 2nd century AD and evolved up through the mid-20th century. In 1778, Samuel Sömmerring, a German anatomist, classified the 12 cranial nerves as we recognize them today. This review expands on the excellent investigations of Flamm, Shaw, and Simon et al., with discussion of the historical identification as well as the process of naming the human cranial nerves. Clin. Anat. 27:14-19, 2014.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cranial Nerves
History
Anatomists
Lenses
Names
Anatomy
Medicine

Keywords

  • cranial nerve
  • history
  • naming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Cite this

Davis, M. C., Griessenauer, C. J., Bosmia, A. N., Tubbs, R. S., & Mohajel Shoja, M. (2014). The naming of the cranial nerves: A historical review. Clinical Anatomy, 27(1), 14-19. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22345

The naming of the cranial nerves : A historical review. / Davis, Matthew C.; Griessenauer, Christoph J.; Bosmia, Anand N.; Tubbs, R. Shane; Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali.

In: Clinical Anatomy, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 14-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Davis, MC, Griessenauer, CJ, Bosmia, AN, Tubbs, RS & Mohajel Shoja, M 2014, 'The naming of the cranial nerves: A historical review', Clinical Anatomy, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 14-19. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22345
Davis MC, Griessenauer CJ, Bosmia AN, Tubbs RS, Mohajel Shoja M. The naming of the cranial nerves: A historical review. Clinical Anatomy. 2014 Jan 1;27(1):14-19. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22345
Davis, Matthew C. ; Griessenauer, Christoph J. ; Bosmia, Anand N. ; Tubbs, R. Shane ; Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali. / The naming of the cranial nerves : A historical review. In: Clinical Anatomy. 2014 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 14-19.
@article{4ff30e36e29c4e25a76744307943b3bb,
title = "The naming of the cranial nerves: A historical review",
abstract = "The giants of medicine and anatomy have each left their mark on the history of the cranial nerves, and much of the history of anatomic study can be viewed through the lens of how the cranial nerves were identified and named. A comprehensive literature review on the classification of the cranial names was performed. The identification of the cranial nerves began with Galen in the 2nd century AD and evolved up through the mid-20th century. In 1778, Samuel S{\"o}mmerring, a German anatomist, classified the 12 cranial nerves as we recognize them today. This review expands on the excellent investigations of Flamm, Shaw, and Simon et al., with discussion of the historical identification as well as the process of naming the human cranial nerves. Clin. Anat. 27:14-19, 2014.",
keywords = "cranial nerve, history, naming",
author = "Davis, {Matthew C.} and Griessenauer, {Christoph J.} and Bosmia, {Anand N.} and Tubbs, {R. Shane} and {Mohajel Shoja}, Mohammadali",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ca.22345",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "14--19",
journal = "Clinical Anatomy",
issn = "0897-3806",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The naming of the cranial nerves

T2 - A historical review

AU - Davis, Matthew C.

AU - Griessenauer, Christoph J.

AU - Bosmia, Anand N.

AU - Tubbs, R. Shane

AU - Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - The giants of medicine and anatomy have each left their mark on the history of the cranial nerves, and much of the history of anatomic study can be viewed through the lens of how the cranial nerves were identified and named. A comprehensive literature review on the classification of the cranial names was performed. The identification of the cranial nerves began with Galen in the 2nd century AD and evolved up through the mid-20th century. In 1778, Samuel Sömmerring, a German anatomist, classified the 12 cranial nerves as we recognize them today. This review expands on the excellent investigations of Flamm, Shaw, and Simon et al., with discussion of the historical identification as well as the process of naming the human cranial nerves. Clin. Anat. 27:14-19, 2014.

AB - The giants of medicine and anatomy have each left their mark on the history of the cranial nerves, and much of the history of anatomic study can be viewed through the lens of how the cranial nerves were identified and named. A comprehensive literature review on the classification of the cranial names was performed. The identification of the cranial nerves began with Galen in the 2nd century AD and evolved up through the mid-20th century. In 1778, Samuel Sömmerring, a German anatomist, classified the 12 cranial nerves as we recognize them today. This review expands on the excellent investigations of Flamm, Shaw, and Simon et al., with discussion of the historical identification as well as the process of naming the human cranial nerves. Clin. Anat. 27:14-19, 2014.

KW - cranial nerve

KW - history

KW - naming

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890793646&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890793646&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ca.22345

DO - 10.1002/ca.22345

M3 - Review article

VL - 27

SP - 14

EP - 19

JO - Clinical Anatomy

JF - Clinical Anatomy

SN - 0897-3806

IS - 1

ER -