The occurrence of O-acylation during biotinylation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and analogs: Evidence for a reactive serine

Brian T. Miller, Thomas J. Collins, Gregg T. Nagle, Alexander Kurosky

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    30 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and two of its analogs ([D-Lys6]GnRH and des-Gly10-[D-Trp6]-GnRH) were reacted with sulfonated N-hydroxysuccinimide esters of biotin that have been reported to react specifically with primary amino groups. Fractionation by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography demonstrated the occurrence of multiple biotinylated derivatives for each reacted peptide. These results were unexpected since GnRH and des-Gly10-[D-Trp6]GnRH contained no reactive amino groups and [D-Lys6]GnRH had only one. Reaction of the biotinylated derivatives with hydroxylamine indicated that significant O-biotinylation had occurred. Mass spectrometric analyses established the stoichiometry of biotinylation and confirmed that substantial O-biotinylation of residue Ser4, and to a minor extent Tyr5, of GnRH and the two analogs had occurred. In contrast, the biotinylation of selected peptides unrelated to GnRH under identical reaction conditions indicated no significant evidence of O-acylation of seryl residues. Strikingly, biotinylation of GnRH under denaturing conditions largely abolished O-acylation, indicating that the observed O-biotinylation was dependent on peptide conformation. All the O-biotinylated derivatives displayed significantly reduced bioactivity. Taken together, these results give strong evidence that the Ser4 hydroxyl of GnRH has a significantly elevated intrinsic reactivity, which raises new questions concerning its putative role in the conformation and mode of action of the hormone. These results also demonstrate for the first time that the N-hydroxysuccinimide-biotin esters are capable of significant O-acylation and may be generally useful reagents for detecting highly reactive hydroxyamino acid residues.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)5060-5069
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume267
    Issue number8
    StatePublished - Mar 15 1992

    Fingerprint

    Biotinylation
    Acylation
    Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
    Serine
    Biotin
    Derivatives
    Peptides
    Conformations
    Esters
    Hydroxylamine
    High performance liquid chromatography
    Reverse-Phase Chromatography
    Fractionation
    Bioactivity
    Stoichiometry
    Hydroxyl Radical
    High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
    Hormones

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry

    Cite this

    The occurrence of O-acylation during biotinylation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and analogs : Evidence for a reactive serine. / Miller, Brian T.; Collins, Thomas J.; Nagle, Gregg T.; Kurosky, Alexander.

    In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 267, No. 8, 15.03.1992, p. 5060-5069.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Miller, Brian T. ; Collins, Thomas J. ; Nagle, Gregg T. ; Kurosky, Alexander. / The occurrence of O-acylation during biotinylation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and analogs : Evidence for a reactive serine. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1992 ; Vol. 267, No. 8. pp. 5060-5069.
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    abstract = "Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and two of its analogs ([D-Lys6]GnRH and des-Gly10-[D-Trp6]-GnRH) were reacted with sulfonated N-hydroxysuccinimide esters of biotin that have been reported to react specifically with primary amino groups. Fractionation by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography demonstrated the occurrence of multiple biotinylated derivatives for each reacted peptide. These results were unexpected since GnRH and des-Gly10-[D-Trp6]GnRH contained no reactive amino groups and [D-Lys6]GnRH had only one. Reaction of the biotinylated derivatives with hydroxylamine indicated that significant O-biotinylation had occurred. Mass spectrometric analyses established the stoichiometry of biotinylation and confirmed that substantial O-biotinylation of residue Ser4, and to a minor extent Tyr5, of GnRH and the two analogs had occurred. In contrast, the biotinylation of selected peptides unrelated to GnRH under identical reaction conditions indicated no significant evidence of O-acylation of seryl residues. Strikingly, biotinylation of GnRH under denaturing conditions largely abolished O-acylation, indicating that the observed O-biotinylation was dependent on peptide conformation. All the O-biotinylated derivatives displayed significantly reduced bioactivity. Taken together, these results give strong evidence that the Ser4 hydroxyl of GnRH has a significantly elevated intrinsic reactivity, which raises new questions concerning its putative role in the conformation and mode of action of the hormone. These results also demonstrate for the first time that the N-hydroxysuccinimide-biotin esters are capable of significant O-acylation and may be generally useful reagents for detecting highly reactive hydroxyamino acid residues.",
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    AU - Collins, Thomas J.

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    AU - Kurosky, Alexander

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    N2 - Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and two of its analogs ([D-Lys6]GnRH and des-Gly10-[D-Trp6]-GnRH) were reacted with sulfonated N-hydroxysuccinimide esters of biotin that have been reported to react specifically with primary amino groups. Fractionation by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography demonstrated the occurrence of multiple biotinylated derivatives for each reacted peptide. These results were unexpected since GnRH and des-Gly10-[D-Trp6]GnRH contained no reactive amino groups and [D-Lys6]GnRH had only one. Reaction of the biotinylated derivatives with hydroxylamine indicated that significant O-biotinylation had occurred. Mass spectrometric analyses established the stoichiometry of biotinylation and confirmed that substantial O-biotinylation of residue Ser4, and to a minor extent Tyr5, of GnRH and the two analogs had occurred. In contrast, the biotinylation of selected peptides unrelated to GnRH under identical reaction conditions indicated no significant evidence of O-acylation of seryl residues. Strikingly, biotinylation of GnRH under denaturing conditions largely abolished O-acylation, indicating that the observed O-biotinylation was dependent on peptide conformation. All the O-biotinylated derivatives displayed significantly reduced bioactivity. Taken together, these results give strong evidence that the Ser4 hydroxyl of GnRH has a significantly elevated intrinsic reactivity, which raises new questions concerning its putative role in the conformation and mode of action of the hormone. These results also demonstrate for the first time that the N-hydroxysuccinimide-biotin esters are capable of significant O-acylation and may be generally useful reagents for detecting highly reactive hydroxyamino acid residues.

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