The os terminale-os odontoideum complex

L. E. Swischuck, S. D. John, C. Moorthy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations


The os terminale-os odontoideum complex can be confusing because of the wide range of bony configurations encountered. However, once one understands the underlying embryology of the development of the dens, C1, and C2, it becomes easier to appreciate why, in some cases, the os terminale-os odontoideum ossicle appears rather bizarre. This presentation deals with material collected over 20 years and is accompanied by a review of the embryology of the upper cervical spine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-81
Number of pages10
JournalEmergency Radiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 15 1997



  • Cervical spine
  • Os odontoideum
  • Os terminale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Swischuck, L. E., John, S. D., & Moorthy, C. (1997). The os terminale-os odontoideum complex. Emergency Radiology, 4(2), 72-81.