The pediatric Chiari I malformation: A review

R. Shane Tubbs, Michael J. Lyerly, Marios Loukas, Mohammadali M. Shoja, W. Jerry Oakes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

154 Scopus citations


Background: Both the diagnosis and treatment regimens for the Chiari I malformation (CIM) are varied and controversial. The present paper analyzes the literature regarding this form of hindbrain herniation in regard to definition, anatomy, pathobiology, symptoms, findings, treatment, and outcomes. Discussions: Appropriate literature germane tothe CIM is reviewed and discussed. There is variation in the reported anatomy, outcome, and treatment for children with CIM. Based on the literature, most patients have preoperative symptoms or findings (e.g., syringomyelia) improve no matter what surgical technique is utilized. However, standardized treatment paradigms based on randomized controlled studies are still necessary to elucidate the optimal selection and treatment criteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1239-1250
Number of pages12
JournalChild's Nervous System
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Hindbrain hernia
  • Neurosurgery
  • Tonsillar ectopia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'The pediatric Chiari I malformation: A review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this