The primary DNA-binding subsite of the rat pol β. Energetics of interactions of the 8-kDa domain of the enzyme with the ssDNA

Maria J. Jezewska, Michal R. Szymanski, Wlodzimierz Bujalowski

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Interactions of the 8-kDa domain of the rat pol β and the intact enzyme with the ssDNA have been studied, using the quantitative fluorescence titration technique. The 8-kDa domain induces large topological changes in the bound DNA structure and engages much larger fragments of the DNA than when embedded in the intact enzyme. The DNA affinity of the domain is predominantly driven by entropy changes, dominated by the water release from the protein. The thermodynamic characteristics dramatically change when the domain is embedded in the intact polymerase, indicating the presence of significant communication between the 8-kDa domain and the catalytic 31-kDa domain. The diminished water release from the 31-kDa domain strongly contributes to its dramatically lower DNA affinity, as compared to the 8-kDa domain. Unlike the 8-kDa domain, the DNA binding of the intact pol β is driven by entropy changes, originating from the structural changes of the formed complexes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)115-127
    Number of pages13
    JournalBiophysical Chemistry
    Volume156
    Issue number2-3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2011

    Keywords

    • DNA repair
    • DNA replication
    • Fluorescence titrations
    • Polymerases
    • Protein-ssDNA interactions

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Biochemistry
    • Organic Chemistry

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