The pygmy hog is a unique genus: 19th century taxonomists got it right first time round

Stephan M. Funk, Sunil Kumar Verma, Greger Larson, Kasturi Prasad, Lalji Singh, Goutam Narayan, John E. Fa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations


The pygmy hog, Sus salvanius, the smallest and rarest extant suid was first described as the only member of the genus Porcula. It is currently regarded as member of the genus Sus and a sister taxon of the domestic pig/Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa). Phylogenetic analyses of 2316 bp from three mtDNA loci (control-region, cytochrome b, 16S) by Bayesian inference and statistical testing of alternative phylogenetic hypotheses all support the original classification of the pygmy hog as a unique genus. Thus, we propose that the species name Porcula salvania should be resurrected. The reclassification will heighten awareness of the need for the future protection and survival of this unique species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-436
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes



  • 16S
  • alternative phylogenetic hypotheses
  • Control region
  • Cytochrome b
  • Porcula salvania
  • Pygmy hog
  • Sus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Funk, S. M., Verma, S. K., Larson, G., Prasad, K., Singh, L., Narayan, G., & Fa, J. E. (2007). The pygmy hog is a unique genus: 19th century taxonomists got it right first time round. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 45(2), 427-436.