The pygmy hog is a unique genus: 19th century taxonomists got it right first time round

Stephan M. Funk, Sunil Kumar Verma, Greger Larson, Kasturi Prasad, Lalji Singh, Goutam Narayan, John E. Fa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pygmy hog, Sus salvanius, the smallest and rarest extant suid was first described as the only member of the genus Porcula. It is currently regarded as member of the genus Sus and a sister taxon of the domestic pig/Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa). Phylogenetic analyses of 2316 bp from three mtDNA loci (control-region, cytochrome b, 16S) by Bayesian inference and statistical testing of alternative phylogenetic hypotheses all support the original classification of the pygmy hog as a unique genus. Thus, we propose that the species name Porcula salvania should be resurrected. The reclassification will heighten awareness of the need for the future protection and survival of this unique species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-436
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

Keywords

  • 16S
  • Control region
  • Cytochrome b
  • Porcula salvania
  • Pygmy hog
  • Sus
  • alternative phylogenetic hypotheses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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    Funk, S. M., Verma, S. K., Larson, G., Prasad, K., Singh, L., Narayan, G., & Fa, J. E. (2007). The pygmy hog is a unique genus: 19th century taxonomists got it right first time round. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 45(2), 427-436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2007.08.007