The relation of medical risk and maternal stimulation with preterm infants' development of cognitive, language and daily living skills

Karen E. Smith, Paul R. Swank, Susan E. Denson, Susan H. Landry, Constance D. Baldwin, Susan Wildin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-risk (HR) and low-risk (LR) preterm infants (N= 212) and full-term infants (FT, N = 128) from low socio-economic homes were studied with their mothers in the home at 6 and 12 months of age. Infants' cognitive, language and daily living skills were evaluated in relation to mothers' warm sensitivity, use of strategies which maintained the infants' attention and directiveness. Higher levels of maternal attention-maintaining were positively related to infant development for all groups. During toy play, attention-maintaining was most strongly related to expressive language skills for the HR infants; during toy play and daily activities, this maternal behavior was more strongly related to cognitive and language skills for both preterm groups than for the FT infants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)855-864
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume37
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996

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Child Development
Premature Infants
Language
Mothers
Play and Playthings
Maternal Behavior
Economics

Keywords

  • Child development
  • Early intervention
  • Parenting behaviors
  • Very low birth-weight infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The relation of medical risk and maternal stimulation with preterm infants' development of cognitive, language and daily living skills. / Smith, Karen E.; Swank, Paul R.; Denson, Susan E.; Landry, Susan H.; Baldwin, Constance D.; Wildin, Susan.

In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, Vol. 37, No. 7, 10.1996, p. 855-864.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, Karen E. ; Swank, Paul R. ; Denson, Susan E. ; Landry, Susan H. ; Baldwin, Constance D. ; Wildin, Susan. / The relation of medical risk and maternal stimulation with preterm infants' development of cognitive, language and daily living skills. In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 1996 ; Vol. 37, No. 7. pp. 855-864.
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