The relationship of personality to affective disorders. A critical review

H. S. Akiskal, R. M A Hirschfeld, B. I. Yerevanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

410 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although characterologic constellations such as obsessionalism, dependency, introversion, restricted social skills, and maladaptive self-attributions are popularly linked to the pathogenesis of depressive disorders, the evidence in support of this relationship remains modest. Indeed, many of these attributes may reflect state characteristics woven into the postdepressive personality. Current evidence is strongest for introversion as a possible premorbid trait in primary nonbipolar depressions. By contrast, driven, work-oriented obsessoid, extroverted, cyclothymic, and related dysthymic temperaments appear to be the precursors of bipolar disorders. Other personalities, while not necessarily pathogenic in affective disorders, nevertheless may modify the clinical expression of affective disorders and their prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-810
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume40
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1983

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Mood Disorders
Personality
Temperament
Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Depression
Introversion (Psychology)
Dependency (Psychology)
Social Skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Akiskal, H. S., Hirschfeld, R. M. A., & Yerevanian, B. I. (1983). The relationship of personality to affective disorders. A critical review. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40(7), 801-810.

The relationship of personality to affective disorders. A critical review. / Akiskal, H. S.; Hirschfeld, R. M A; Yerevanian, B. I.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 40, No. 7, 1983, p. 801-810.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Akiskal, HS, Hirschfeld, RMA & Yerevanian, BI 1983, 'The relationship of personality to affective disorders. A critical review', Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 801-810.
Akiskal, H. S. ; Hirschfeld, R. M A ; Yerevanian, B. I. / The relationship of personality to affective disorders. A critical review. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 1983 ; Vol. 40, No. 7. pp. 801-810.
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