The role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the generation and maintenance of mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia in rats after intradermal injection of capsaicin

Rui Qing Sun, Nada B. Lawand, William D. Willis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was designed to assess the role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and its receptor in the generation and maintenance of secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia induced by intradermal injection of capsaicin in rats. Paw withdrawal responses (PWRs) to von Frey hairs with different bending forces applied on the rat paw were tested in this study. CGRP8-37, a specific antagonist of CGRP 1 receptors, was delivered through a microdialysis fiber inserted across the dorsal horn. Post- and pretreatment paradigms were followed. When CGRP8-37 was administered 1h after capsaicin injection, the mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia were partially reversed in a dose-dependent manner. On the other hand, when rats were treated with CGRP8-37 prior to capsaicin injection, the PWRs to von Frey applications were significantly reduced as compared to control animals. Collectively, these results suggest that CGRP receptors present in the dorsal horn are involved in the generation and maintenance of nociceptive behaviors associated with cutaneous inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-208
Number of pages8
JournalPain
Volume104
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allodynia
  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • Capsaicin
  • Central sensitization
  • Hyperalgesia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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