The role of miR-145 in stem cell characteristics of human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma Hep-2 cells

Omer Faruk Karatas, Ilknur Suer, Betul Yuceturk, Mehmet Yilmaz, Yusif Hajiyev, Chad J. Creighton, Michael Ittmann, Mustafa Ozen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) are tumorigenic cells promoting initiation, progression, and spread of the tumor. Accumulating evidences suggested the presence of CSLCs in distinct tumors including laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). MicroRNAs have been proposed as significant regulators of carcinogenesis, and several of them have been demonstrated to have direct roles in survival of CSLCs. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of miR-145, which is downregulated in LSCC, on cancer stem cell potency of laryngeal cancer cells. We initially showed the downregulation of miR-145 expression in tumor tissue samples and in CD133-enriched CSLCs. Quantitative reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis of miR-145-transfected Hep-2 cells demonstrated the inhibitory role of miR-145 on stem cell markers like SOX2, OCT4, KLF4, and ABCG2. We, then, investigated the stem cell features of miR-145-overexpressing Hep-2 cells by sphere formation assay, single-cell cloning assay, and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) assay, which all demonstrated the inhibition of stem cell potency upon miR-145 overexpression. Further qRT-PCR analysis demonstrated altered expression of epithelial to mesenchymal transition markers in miR-145-overexpressing Hep-2 cells. In conclusion, we demonstrated the regulatory role of miR-145 in stem cell characteristics of Hep-2 cells. Based on these results, we propose that miR-145 might carry crucial roles in LSCC tumorigenesis, prognosis, metastasis, chemoresistance, and recurrence through regulating stem cell properties of tumor cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4183-4192
Number of pages10
JournalTumor Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer stem-like cells
  • Hsa-miR-145
  • Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma
  • Stem cell markers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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