The Role of Patient Religiosity in the Evaluation and Treatment Outcomes for Chronic HCV Infection

Rajeev Raghavan, Laura Ferlic-Stark, Cinda Clarke, Manish Rungta, Richard Goodgame

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the influence of patient religiosity on the outcome of treatment of hepatitis C infection, a prospective, blinded, cohort study was performed on hepatitis C-infected patients categorized as 'higher religiosity' and 'lower religiosity' based on responses to a religiosity questionnaire. Comparisons were made between high and low religiosity patients on demographics, pre-treatment laboratory values, and response to treatment. Eighty-seven patients with complete questionnaires were placed in either higher (38) or lower (49) religiosity cohort. The patients (60% female) were ethnically diverse: African-American 39%; Hispanic 31%; white 29%. African-American race (P = 0. 001) and female gender (P = 0. 026) were associated with higher religiosity. The frequency of being offered treatment, accepting treatment, and completing treatment was similar in both religiosity cohorts (P = 0. 234, 0. 809, 0. 367). Fifty-six patients completed the 24- or 48-week treatment with peginterferon and ribavirin. Depression was more frequent in the low religiosity group (38. 2% vs. 4. 6%, P = 0. 005). Sustained viral response rate at 3-6-month post-therapy was similar in the higher (50%) and lower (57. 6%) religiosity cohorts (P = 0. 580; n = 55). Logistic regression modeling revealed that males having higher religiosity gave greater odds of SVR than those with lower religiosity (OR 21. 3; 95% CI 1. 1-403. 9). The level of religiosity did not affect the decision to begin treatment for chronic HCV infection and was not associated with a better treatment outcome. A higher level of religiosity was associated with less depression among patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-90
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • HCV
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Religion
  • Religiosity
  • SF-36

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Religious studies

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