The safety of two Bacillus probiotic strains for human use

Iryna B. Sorokulova, Iryna V. Pinchuk, Muriel Denayrolles, Irina G. Osipova, Jen M. Huang, Simon M. Cutting, Maria C. Urdaci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

132 Scopus citations


Probiotics based on Bacillus strains have been increasingly proposed for prophylactic and therapeutic use against several gastro-intestinal diseases. We studied safety for two Bacillus strains included in a popular East European probiotic. Bacillus subtilis strain that was sensitive to all antibiotics listed by the European Food Safety Authority. Bacillus licheniformis strain was resistant to chloramphenicol and clindamycin. Both were non-hemolytic and did not produce Hbl or Nhe enterotoxins. No bceT and cytK toxin genes were found. Study of acute toxicity in BALB/c mice demonstrated no treatment-related deaths. The oral LD50 for both strains was more than 2 × 10 11 CFU. Chronic toxicity studies were performed on mice, rabbits, and pigs and showed no signs of toxicity or histological changes in either organs or tissues. We demonstrated that while certain risks may exist for the B. licheniformis strain considering antibiotic resistance, B. subtilis strain may be considered as non-pathogenic and safe for human consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)954-963
Number of pages10
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Antimicrobials resistance
  • Bacillus
  • Probiotics
  • Safety
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology


Dive into the research topics of 'The safety of two Bacillus probiotic strains for human use'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this