The short ITS2 sequence serves as an efficient taxonomic sequence tag in comparison with the full-length ITS

Jianping Han, Yingjie Zhu, Xiaochen Chen, Baoshen Liao, Hui Yao, Jingyuan Song, Shilin Chen, Fanyun Meng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

An ideal DNA barcoding region should be short enough to be amplified from degraded DNA. In this paper, we discuss the possibility of using a short nuclear DNA sequence as a barcode to identify a wide range of medicinal plant species. First, the PCR and sequencing success rates of ITS and ITS2 were evaluated based entirely on materials from dry medicinal product and herbarium voucher specimens, including some samples collected back to 90 years ago. The results showed that ITS2 could recover 91% while ITS could recover only 23% efficiency of PCR and sequencing by using one pair of primer. Second, 12861 ITS and ITS2 plant sequences were used to compare the identification efficiency of the two regions. Four identification criteria (BLAST, inter- and intradivergence Wilcoxon signed rank tests, and TaxonDNA) were evaluated. Our results supported the hypothesis that ITS2 can be used as a minibarcode to effectively identify species in a wide variety of specimens and medicinal materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number741476
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2013
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 11 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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