The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Scale-3 (SATAQ-3)

Development and Validation

J. Kevin Thompson, Patricia Van Den Berg, Megan Roehrig, Angela S. Guarda, Leslie J. Heinberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

587 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The goal of this investigation was to develop and validate a revision of a widely used measure of societal influences on body image and eating disturbances-the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ). Method: Two independent samples of college females completed a revision and extension of the SATAQ and factor analyses were conducted to determine the underlying structure of the revised scale. Results: Factor analyses indicated two distinct internalization factors: one appeared to reflect a generic media influence related to TV, magazines, and movies. A second factor clearly reflected internalization of athletic and sports figures. Two other factors, reflecting media pressures and media as an informational source, also emerged. Another widely used measure of thin-ideal internalization, the Ideal Body Internalization Scale-Revised (IBIS-R), was included in factor analyses to determine its empirical relationship with the revised SATAQ. None of the IBIS-R items loaded with any of the internalization items or items reflective of media pressures or information. Instead, the IBIS-R appeared to tap into an awareness of appearance norms dimension. The SATAQ-3 subscales had excellent convergent validity with measures of body image and eating disturbance. Eating-disturbed and eating-disordered samples had higher scores on SATAQ-3 subscales than a control sample. Discussion: The SATAQ-3 measures multiple aspects of a societal influence and should prove useful for basic risk factor work as well as for gauging the efficacy of prevention and treatment programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-304
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

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questionnaires
Eating
Statistical Factor Analysis
body image
Body Image
ingestion
sports
Sports
Pressure
eating disorders
Motion Pictures
sampling
Surveys and Questionnaires
risk factors
methodology

Keywords

  • Body image
  • Eating disturbances
  • Internalization factors
  • SATAQ-3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Food Science
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Scale-3 (SATAQ-3) : Development and Validation. / Thompson, J. Kevin; Van Den Berg, Patricia; Roehrig, Megan; Guarda, Angela S.; Heinberg, Leslie J.

In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol. 35, No. 3, 04.2004, p. 293-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thompson, J. Kevin ; Van Den Berg, Patricia ; Roehrig, Megan ; Guarda, Angela S. ; Heinberg, Leslie J. / The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Scale-3 (SATAQ-3) : Development and Validation. In: International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2004 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 293-304.
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