Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several central nervous system (CNS) disorders. For example, the presence of extensive poly-(ADP)ribosylation in CNS tissues from animals with experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) indicates that PARP activity may be involved in this inflammatory disease process. Using PJ34 [N-(6-oxo-5,6-dihydrophenanthridin-2-yl)-N, N-dimethylacetamide. HCl], a selective PARP inhibitor, we studied the mechanisms through which PARP activity may contribute to the onset of acute EAE. PLSJL mice immunized with myelin antigens were treated with PJ34, and the effects on the progression of EAE and several other parameters relevant to the disease process were assessed. PJ34 exerted therapeutic effects at the onset of EAE that were associated with reduced CNS inflammation and the maintenance of neurovascular integrity. Expression of genes encoding the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and the inflammatory mediators interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α, and inducible nitric-oxide synthase were decreased in CNS tissues from drug-treated animals. Administration of PJ34 biased the class of myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific antibodies elicited from IgG2a to IgG1 and IgG2b and modulated antigen-specific T-cell reactivity. Therefore, the mode of action of PJ34 at the onset of EAE is likely mediated by a shift in the MBP-specific immune response from a proinflammatory Th1 toward an anti-inflammatory Th2 phenotype.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine