The torsional strength of bones with residual screw holes from plates with unicortical and bicortical purchase

A. R. Remiger, T. Miclau, Ronald Lindsey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the effect of unicortical and bicortical screw holes on residual bone strength by comparing the in vitro torsional strength of cadaveric sheep tibiae with screw holes from plates with unicortical and bicortical purchase relative to each other and to intact bone. Design. The paired tibiae were grouped randomly and torsion tested to failure as follows: Group I - unicortical screw holes versus intact bone; Group II - bicortical screw holes versus intact bone; and Group III - bicortical versus unicortical screw holes. Background. Recently the point contact fixator, or PC-Fix (using screws with unicortical purchase), was designed to minimize bone devascularization beneath the plate compared to the conventional dynamic compression plate, or DCP (bicortical purchase), and possibly reduce refracture rates after plate removal. However, the effects of unicortical versus bicortical residual screw holes on potential refracture are unknown. Methods. Screw holes were drilled and tapped through either a 7-hole bicortical DCP or a unicortical PC-Fix in 18 paired cadaveric sheep tibiae. The bones were then tested in torsion. Results. The average decreases in the torsional strength of unicortical screw holes versus intact bone, bicortical screw holes versus intact bone, and bicortical versus unicortical screw holes were 21.6, 31.4, and 26.7% respectively. Mean torque values to failure were statistically significant within each of the three groups: P < 0.01, 0.001, and 0.001 respectively. Conclusions. Bones with unicortical screw holes are significantly weaker in torsion than intact bones, but significantly stronger than bones with bicortical holes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-73
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bone and Bones
Tibia
Sheep
Bone Screws
Torque

Keywords

  • Bicortical
  • Bone
  • Refracture
  • Screw holes
  • Unicortical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

The torsional strength of bones with residual screw holes from plates with unicortical and bicortical purchase. / Remiger, A. R.; Miclau, T.; Lindsey, Ronald.

In: Clinical Biomechanics, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.1997, p. 71-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective. To evaluate the effect of unicortical and bicortical screw holes on residual bone strength by comparing the in vitro torsional strength of cadaveric sheep tibiae with screw holes from plates with unicortical and bicortical purchase relative to each other and to intact bone. Design. The paired tibiae were grouped randomly and torsion tested to failure as follows: Group I - unicortical screw holes versus intact bone; Group II - bicortical screw holes versus intact bone; and Group III - bicortical versus unicortical screw holes. Background. Recently the point contact fixator, or PC-Fix (using screws with unicortical purchase), was designed to minimize bone devascularization beneath the plate compared to the conventional dynamic compression plate, or DCP (bicortical purchase), and possibly reduce refracture rates after plate removal. However, the effects of unicortical versus bicortical residual screw holes on potential refracture are unknown. Methods. Screw holes were drilled and tapped through either a 7-hole bicortical DCP or a unicortical PC-Fix in 18 paired cadaveric sheep tibiae. The bones were then tested in torsion. Results. The average decreases in the torsional strength of unicortical screw holes versus intact bone, bicortical screw holes versus intact bone, and bicortical versus unicortical screw holes were 21.6, 31.4, and 26.7{\%} respectively. Mean torque values to failure were statistically significant within each of the three groups: P < 0.01, 0.001, and 0.001 respectively. Conclusions. Bones with unicortical screw holes are significantly weaker in torsion than intact bones, but significantly stronger than bones with bicortical holes.",
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N2 - Objective. To evaluate the effect of unicortical and bicortical screw holes on residual bone strength by comparing the in vitro torsional strength of cadaveric sheep tibiae with screw holes from plates with unicortical and bicortical purchase relative to each other and to intact bone. Design. The paired tibiae were grouped randomly and torsion tested to failure as follows: Group I - unicortical screw holes versus intact bone; Group II - bicortical screw holes versus intact bone; and Group III - bicortical versus unicortical screw holes. Background. Recently the point contact fixator, or PC-Fix (using screws with unicortical purchase), was designed to minimize bone devascularization beneath the plate compared to the conventional dynamic compression plate, or DCP (bicortical purchase), and possibly reduce refracture rates after plate removal. However, the effects of unicortical versus bicortical residual screw holes on potential refracture are unknown. Methods. Screw holes were drilled and tapped through either a 7-hole bicortical DCP or a unicortical PC-Fix in 18 paired cadaveric sheep tibiae. The bones were then tested in torsion. Results. The average decreases in the torsional strength of unicortical screw holes versus intact bone, bicortical screw holes versus intact bone, and bicortical versus unicortical screw holes were 21.6, 31.4, and 26.7% respectively. Mean torque values to failure were statistically significant within each of the three groups: P < 0.01, 0.001, and 0.001 respectively. Conclusions. Bones with unicortical screw holes are significantly weaker in torsion than intact bones, but significantly stronger than bones with bicortical holes.

AB - Objective. To evaluate the effect of unicortical and bicortical screw holes on residual bone strength by comparing the in vitro torsional strength of cadaveric sheep tibiae with screw holes from plates with unicortical and bicortical purchase relative to each other and to intact bone. Design. The paired tibiae were grouped randomly and torsion tested to failure as follows: Group I - unicortical screw holes versus intact bone; Group II - bicortical screw holes versus intact bone; and Group III - bicortical versus unicortical screw holes. Background. Recently the point contact fixator, or PC-Fix (using screws with unicortical purchase), was designed to minimize bone devascularization beneath the plate compared to the conventional dynamic compression plate, or DCP (bicortical purchase), and possibly reduce refracture rates after plate removal. However, the effects of unicortical versus bicortical residual screw holes on potential refracture are unknown. Methods. Screw holes were drilled and tapped through either a 7-hole bicortical DCP or a unicortical PC-Fix in 18 paired cadaveric sheep tibiae. The bones were then tested in torsion. Results. The average decreases in the torsional strength of unicortical screw holes versus intact bone, bicortical screw holes versus intact bone, and bicortical versus unicortical screw holes were 21.6, 31.4, and 26.7% respectively. Mean torque values to failure were statistically significant within each of the three groups: P < 0.01, 0.001, and 0.001 respectively. Conclusions. Bones with unicortical screw holes are significantly weaker in torsion than intact bones, but significantly stronger than bones with bicortical holes.

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