The use of a continuous infusion of epinephrine for anaphylactic shock during labor

Alfredo F. Gei, Luis Pacheco, James W. Vanhook, Gary Hankins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is a potentially life threatening, acute, and severe systemic reaction that occurs after the reexposure to a specific antigen. This immunoglobulin E-mediated process is the result of the action of basophils and mast cell mediators, causing severe brochospasm, laringospasm, angioedema, urticaria, and cardiovascular collapse. CASE: We present a case of anaphylactic shock during labor secondary to administration of ampicillin for group B streptococcus prophylaxis. Generalized itching and hives were soon followed by severe maternal hypotension and tachycardia and prolonged fetal bradycardia. These symptoms responded partially to the administration of fluids and parenteral epinephrine. A continuous infusion of epinephrine was required for persistent maternal symptoms. The infusion did not result in further fetal compromise. The patient delivered a healthy fetus 4 hours after the start of the epinephrine infusion. CONCLUSION: This case supports the use of parenteral (intravenous) epinephrine for the treatment of anaphylactic reactions during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1332-1335
Number of pages4
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume102
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

Fingerprint

Anaphylaxis
Epinephrine
Urticaria
Mothers
Angioedema
Streptococcus agalactiae
Basophils
Ampicillin
Pruritus
Bradycardia
Tachycardia
Mast Cells
Hypotension
Immunoglobulin E
Fetus
Antigens
Pregnancy
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

The use of a continuous infusion of epinephrine for anaphylactic shock during labor. / Gei, Alfredo F.; Pacheco, Luis; Vanhook, James W.; Hankins, Gary.

In: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 102, No. 6, 12.2003, p. 1332-1335.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gei, Alfredo F. ; Pacheco, Luis ; Vanhook, James W. ; Hankins, Gary. / The use of a continuous infusion of epinephrine for anaphylactic shock during labor. In: Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2003 ; Vol. 102, No. 6. pp. 1332-1335.
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