Background: Laparoscopic surgery in pregnant women has become increasingly more common since the 1990s; however, the safety of laparoscopy in this population has been widely debated, particularly in emergent and urgent situations. Methods: A retrospective chart review of all pregnant women following a nonobstetric abdominal operation at a University hospital between 1993 and 2007. Perioperative morbidity and mortality for the mother and fetus were evaluated. Results: Ninety-four subjects were identified; 53 underwent laparoscopic procedures and 41 underwent open procedures. Cholecystectomy and appendectomy were performed in both groups with salpingectomy/ovarian cystectomy only in the laparoscopic group. No maternal deaths occurred, while fetal loss occurred in 3 cases within 7 days of the operation and in 1 case 7 weeks postoperatively. This and other perinatal complications occurred in 36.7% of the laparoscopic group and 41.7% of the open group. Conclusion: Laparoscopic appendectomy and cholecystectomy appear to be as safe as the respective open procedures in pregnant patients; however, this population in particular remains at risk for perinatal complications regardless of the method of abdominal access.
- Pregnancy outcome
ASJC Scopus subject areas