The use of skin substitutes and burn care - A survey

Paul Wurzer, Hildegard Keil, Ludwik Branski, Daryousch Parvizi, Robert P. Clayton, Celeste Finnerty, David Herndon, Lars P. Kamolz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The aim of our Internet survey was to assess the preferences of burn specialists who use skin substitutes in patients with burns covering 20% or more of their total body surface area (TBSA). Methods An open, voluntary Internet-based cross-sectional survey was performed. Responses to 19 noncompulsory questions, and participant career and location information were collected. Results One hundred eleven specialists from 36 countries responded to our questionnaire. Sixty participants were located in Europe (54%), followed by 31 (28%) in North America, 15 (14%) in Asia, three (3%) in South America, one (1%) in Africa, and one (1%) in Australia. The importance of skin substitutes in medium-sized burns (covering 20%-60% TBSA) was rated as "essential" by 28% and "desirable" by 56% of the respondents. In severe burns >60% of TBSA, 81% of responders rated the use of skin substitutes as "essential" and 14% as "desirable". Skin substitutes were used in daily clinical practice by 96% of all participants. Biological and synthetic dressings were used by 53%. A majority (86%) think that biological dressings do not pose a risk to patients. Allografts represent the most frequently used wound coverage (51%), followed by xenografts (28%). All participants of the survey indicated that as of yet, there is no ideal skin substitute available. Conclusions Split-thickness autografts still represent the most used wound cover for definitive treatment of severe burns. However, creation and implementation of an ideal skin substitute have yet to be achieved and therefore should be the focus of future work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume201
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Allograft
  • Autograft
  • Burn injury
  • Internet survey
  • Skin substitute
  • Total body surface area
  • Xenograft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Wurzer, P., Keil, H., Branski, L., Parvizi, D., Clayton, R. P., Finnerty, C., Herndon, D., & Kamolz, L. P. (2016). The use of skin substitutes and burn care - A survey. Journal of Surgical Research, 201(2), 293-298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2015.10.048