The Utilisation of INR to identify coagulopathy in burn patients

Kendall Wermine, Juquan Song, Sunny Gotewal, Lyndon Huang, Kassandra Corona, Shelby Bagby, Elvia Villarreal, Shivan Chokshi, Tsola Efejuku, Jasmine Chaij, Alejandro Joglar, Nicholas J. Iglesias, Phillip Keys, Giovanna De La Tejera, Georgiy Golovko, Amina El Ayadi, Steven E. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Studies conflict on the significance of burn-induced coagulopathy. We posit that burn-induced coagulopathy is associated with injury severity in burns. Our purpose was to characterize coagulopathy profiles in burns and determine relationships between % total burn surface area (TBSA) burned and coagulopathy using the International Normalized Ratio (INR). Burned patients with INR values were identified in the TriNetX database and analyzed by %TBSA burned. Patients with history of transfusions, chronic hepatic failure, and those on anticoagulant medications were excluded. Interquartile ranges for INR in the burned study population were 1.2 (1.0–1.4). An INR of ≥ 1.5 was used to represent those with burn-induced coagulopathy as it fell outside the 3rd quartile. The population was stratified into subgroups using INR levels <1.5 or ≥1.5 on the day of injury. Data are average ± SD analyzed using chi-square; p < .05 was considered significant. There were 7,364 burned patients identified with INR <1.5, and 635 had INR ≥1.5. Comparing TBSA burned groups, burn-induced coagulopathy significantly increased in those with ≥20% TBSA; p = .048 at 20–29% TBSA, p = .0005 at 30–39% TBSA, and p < .0001 for 40% TBSA and above. Age played a significant factor with average age for those with burn-induced coagulopathy 59 ± 21.5 years and 46 ± 21.8 for those without (p < .0001). After matching for age, TBSA, and demographics, the risk of 28 day-mortality was higher in those with burn-induced coagulopathy compared to those without (risk difference 20.9%, p < .0001) and the odd ratio with 95% CI is 4.45 (3.399–5.825). Investigation of conditions associated with burn-induced coagulopathy showed the effect of heart diseases to be significant; 53% of patients with burn-induced coagulopathy had hypertension (p < .0001). Burn-induced coagulopathy increases with %TBSA burned. The information gained firmly reflects a link between %TBSA and burn-induced coagulopathy, which could be useful in prognosis and treatment decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0278658
JournalPloS one
Volume19
Issue number2 February
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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