The utility and promise of Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) in the pediatric population: An evidence-based review REBOA in Pediatric Patients

Giovanni A. Campagna, Megan E. Cunningham, Jose A. Hernandez, Alex Chau, Adam M. Vogel, Bindi J. Naik-Mathuria

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hemorrhage is the main cause of preventable death in both military and civilian trauma, and many of these patients die from non-compressible torso injuries. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a minimally invasive method used for hemodynamic control of the hemorrhaging patient and has been compared to resuscitative thoracotomy (RT) with cross clamping of the aorta. REBOA has received a great deal of attention in recent years for its applicability and promise in adult trauma and non-trauma settings, but its utility in children is mostly unknown. The purpose of this review article is to summarize and consolidate what is currently known about the use of REBOA in children. Some of the challenges in implementing REBOA in children include small vascular anatomy and lack of outcomes data. Although the evidence is limited, there are established instances in the literature of children and adolescents who have undergone endovascular occlusion of the aorta for hemorrhage control with positive outcomes and survival rates equivalent to their adult counterparts. There is a need for further formal evaluation of REBOA in pediatric patients with prospective studies to look at the safety, feasibility and efficacy of the technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2128-2133
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume55
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • REBOA
  • aorta
  • balloon occlusion
  • pediatric
  • resuscitation
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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