Three-dimensional echocardiography assessment of carcinoid valvular heart disease: Images of each and all

Qiangjun Cai, Daniel L. Beckles, Masood Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A 54-year-old male was found to have neuroendocrine carcinoma with hepatic metastasis. Two-dimensional (2D) transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) demonstrated dilated right ventricle and right atrium, and severe tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitation. Three-dimensional (3D) TTE en-face views showed thickened, retracted, and fixed tricuspid valve and pulmonic valve which remained widely open throughout the cardiac cycle. 3D TTE, particularly en-face views, demonstrates incremental value over 2D TTE by providing precise valvular anatomic details comparable to surgical findings. 3D TTE also offers a unique opportunity to assess all four valves simultaneously with en-face views to delineate their relationships with surrounding structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)791-793
Number of pages3
JournalEchocardiography
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • carcinoid heart disease
  • pulmonary regurgitation
  • three-dimensional echocardiography
  • tricuspid regurgitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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