Tickborne arbovirus surveillance in market livestock, Nairobi, Kenya

Rosemary Sang, Clayton Onyango, John Gachoya, Ernest Mabinda, Samson Konongoi, Victor Ofula, Lee Dunster, Fred Okoth, Rodney Coldren, Robert Tesh, Amelia Travassos Da Rosa, Stacy Finkbeiner, David Wang, Mary Crabtree, Barry Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To identify tickborne viruses circulating in Kenya and the surrounding region, we conducted surveillance at abattoirs in Nairobi, Kenya. Species of ticks collected included Rhipicephalus pulchellus (56%), Amblyomma gemma (14%), R. appendiculatus (8%), A. variegatum (6%), and others. A total of 56 virus isolates were obtained, 26 from A. gemma, 17 from R. pulchellus, 6 from A. variegatum, and 7 from other species. Virus isolates included Dugbe virus (DUGV), an unknown virus related to DUGV, Thogoto, Bhanja, Kadam, Dhori, Barur, and foot-and-mouth disease (FMDV) viruses. This is the first report of Dhori virus isolation in East Africa and the first known isolation of FMDV associated with tick collection. Our results demonstrate the potential for tickborne dissemination of endemic and emergent viruses and the relevance of A. gemma in the maintenance of tickborne viruses in this region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1074-1080
Number of pages7
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume12
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2006

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Arboviruses
Kenya
Livestock
Viruses
Nairovirus
Ticks
Thogotovirus
Rhipicephalus
Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus
Eastern Africa
Abattoirs
Maintenance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Sang, R., Onyango, C., Gachoya, J., Mabinda, E., Konongoi, S., Ofula, V., ... Miller, B. (2006). Tickborne arbovirus surveillance in market livestock, Nairobi, Kenya. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12(7), 1074-1080.

Tickborne arbovirus surveillance in market livestock, Nairobi, Kenya. / Sang, Rosemary; Onyango, Clayton; Gachoya, John; Mabinda, Ernest; Konongoi, Samson; Ofula, Victor; Dunster, Lee; Okoth, Fred; Coldren, Rodney; Tesh, Robert; Da Rosa, Amelia Travassos; Finkbeiner, Stacy; Wang, David; Crabtree, Mary; Miller, Barry.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 12, No. 7, 2006, p. 1074-1080.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sang, R, Onyango, C, Gachoya, J, Mabinda, E, Konongoi, S, Ofula, V, Dunster, L, Okoth, F, Coldren, R, Tesh, R, Da Rosa, AT, Finkbeiner, S, Wang, D, Crabtree, M & Miller, B 2006, 'Tickborne arbovirus surveillance in market livestock, Nairobi, Kenya', Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 1074-1080.
Sang R, Onyango C, Gachoya J, Mabinda E, Konongoi S, Ofula V et al. Tickborne arbovirus surveillance in market livestock, Nairobi, Kenya. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(7):1074-1080.
Sang, Rosemary ; Onyango, Clayton ; Gachoya, John ; Mabinda, Ernest ; Konongoi, Samson ; Ofula, Victor ; Dunster, Lee ; Okoth, Fred ; Coldren, Rodney ; Tesh, Robert ; Da Rosa, Amelia Travassos ; Finkbeiner, Stacy ; Wang, David ; Crabtree, Mary ; Miller, Barry. / Tickborne arbovirus surveillance in market livestock, Nairobi, Kenya. In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006 ; Vol. 12, No. 7. pp. 1074-1080.
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