Large animal models are valuable tools in biological and medical lung research. Despite the existence of established large animal models, the scientific progress requires more detailed description and expansion of established methods. Previously, we established an ovine model of acute lung injury and subsequent bacterial instillation into the lungs. The current study was designed to assess the time course of early lung histopathological alterations in a large animal model. Injury was induced by smoke inhalation and instillation of live Pseudomonas aeruginosa into the lungs. After 4, 8, 12, 18, and 24 hours, respectively, lung tissue was harvested and histopathological changes were evaluated (n = 4 each). Additional four sheep received no injury and only lung tissue was taken. In injured animals, bronchial obstruction score increased over time and was significantly elevated from 12 to 24 hours (P < .05 versus no injury). Inflammation score was significantly increased at 12 and 18 hours (P < .05 versus no injury). Hemorrhage score was increased at 8 and 12 hours (P < .05 versus no injury). Alveolar edema score was significantly higher in injured sheep at 8, 18, and 24 hours (P < .05 each versus no injury). In conclusion, bronchial obstruction and alveolar edema scores significantly increased over time and reached a plateau, while both inflammation and hemorrhage scores were transiently increased peaking around the 12-hour time point. This information improves the understanding of lung histopathological alterations following acute lung injury and pulmonary infection and may help optimizing the timing of study interventions and evaluation time points in future experiments with this model.
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
- Airway obstruction
- Inhalation injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Clinical Biochemistry