TOB1 Blocks Intestinal Mucosal Inflammation Through Inducing ID2-Mediated Suppression of Th1/Th17 Cell Immune Responses in IBD

Ritian Lin, Caiyun Ma, Leilei Fang, Chunjin Xu, Cui Zhang, Xiaohan Wu, Wei Wu, Ruixin Zhu, Yingzi Cong, Zhanju Liu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Background & Aims: TOB1 is an anti-proliferative protein of Tob/BTG family and typically involved in the tumorigenesis and T cell activation. Although TOB1 is associated with T helper 17 cell–related autoimmunity, its role in modulating T cell–mediated immune responses in IBD remains poorly understood. Here, we explored its expression and the underlying mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: TOB1 and ID2 expression in IBD patients was examined by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. IBD CD4+ T cells were transfected with lentivirus expressing TOB1, ID2, TOB1 short hairpin RNA and ID2 short hairpin RNA, respectively, and Tob1–/–CD4+ T cells were transfected with lentivirus expressing Id2. Experimental colitis was established in Tob1–/– mice by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid enema and in Rag1–/– mice reconstituted with Tob1–/–CD45RBhighCD4+ T cells to further explore the role of Tob1 in intestinal mucosal inflammation. Splenic CD4+ T cells of Tob1–/– mice were sorted to determine transcriptome differences by RNA sequencing. Results: TOB1 expression was decreased in inflamed mucosa and peripheral blood CD4+ T cells of IBD patients compared with healthy subjects. Overexpression of TOB1 downregulated IBD CD4+ T cells to differentiate into Th1/Th17 cells compared with control subjects. Severe colitis was observed in Tob1–/– mice through trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid enema or in Rag1–/– mice reconstituted with Tob1–/–CD45RBhighCD4+ T cells, compared with control animals. RNA sequencing analysis revealed ID2 as functional target of TOB1 to inhibit IBD CD4+ T cell differentiation into Th1/Th17 cells. Mechanistically, TOB1 was associated with Smad4/5 to induce ID2 expression and restrain Th1/Th17 cell differentiation. Conclusions: TOB1 restrains intestinal mucosal inflammation through suppressing Th1/Th17 cell–mediated immune responses via the Smad4/5-ID2 pathway. It may serve as a novel therapeutic target for treatment of human IBD.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1201-1221
    Number of pages21
    JournalCMGH
    Volume13
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2022

    Keywords

    • CD4 T Cells
    • ID2
    • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    • Mucosal Inflammation
    • TOB1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Hepatology
    • Gastroenterology

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