J. S. Porterfield, J. Casals, M. P. Chumakov, S. Y. Gaidamovich, C. Hannoun, I. H. Holmes, M. C. Horzinek, M. Mussgay, N. Oker-Blom, P. K. Russell, D. W. Trent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


The family Togaviridae is described; it contains 4 genera - Alphavirus, Flavivirus, Pestivirus and Rubivirus - and additional members. The main characteristics of the family are as follows: single-stranded, linear RNA, molecular weight about 4 x 106. Virions have isometric nucleocapsids surrounded by a lipoprotein envelope containing host cell lipid and virus-specified polypeptides including one or more glycopeptides. Virions yield infectious RNA. There are at least 80 members; all the alphaviruses and most flaviviruses are arboviruses in the biological sense (65 references).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-148
Number of pages20
JournalUnknown Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases


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