Togaviruses Causing Encephalitis

Slobodan Paessler, M. Pfeffer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The virus family Togaviridae comprises two genera: Alphavirus and Rubivirus. Encephalitic alphaviruses are neuroinvasive and cause neurological symptoms in various animals and humans. Western equine encephalitis virus is distributed in the US from the mid-western states of Michigan and Illinois to the west coast and in western Canada, whereas Eastern equine encephalitis virus is distributed from Texas to Florida along the Gulf coast and from Georgia to New Hampshire along the Atlantic Coast and in eastern Canada. Transmission of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus occurs predominantly in Central and South America, with the exception of Everglades virus, which is found in Florida, and Bijou Bridge virus, found in western North America.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Virology
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages76-82
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780123744104
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Fingerprint

Togaviridae
Encephalitis
Alphavirus
Viruses
Rubivirus
Canada
Western Equine Encephalitis Viruses
Eastern equine encephalitis virus
Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Viruses
Central America
South America
North America

Keywords

  • Alphavirus
  • Arbovirus
  • Astrocytes
  • Encephalitis
  • Lymphodepletion
  • Lymphotropism
  • Meningitis
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Neurons
  • Paralysis
  • RNA virus
  • Vector-borne disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Paessler, S., & Pfeffer, M. (2008). Togaviruses Causing Encephalitis. In Encyclopedia of Virology (pp. 76-82). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012374410-4.00630-0

Togaviruses Causing Encephalitis. / Paessler, Slobodan; Pfeffer, M.

Encyclopedia of Virology. Elsevier Ltd, 2008. p. 76-82.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Paessler, S & Pfeffer, M 2008, Togaviruses Causing Encephalitis. in Encyclopedia of Virology. Elsevier Ltd, pp. 76-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012374410-4.00630-0
Paessler S, Pfeffer M. Togaviruses Causing Encephalitis. In Encyclopedia of Virology. Elsevier Ltd. 2008. p. 76-82 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012374410-4.00630-0
Paessler, Slobodan ; Pfeffer, M. / Togaviruses Causing Encephalitis. Encyclopedia of Virology. Elsevier Ltd, 2008. pp. 76-82
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