Topical rifampin powder for orthopedic trauma part I: Rifampin powder reduces recalcitrant infection in a delayed treatment musculoskeletal trauma model

Stefanie M. Shiels, David J. Tennent, Joseph C. Wenke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Open fractures become infected despite meticulous debridement and care. Locally applied antibiotics, commonly embedded in polymethylmethacrylate, deliver high doses of drug directly to the fracture site. Direct application of antibiotic powder, which is being applied prophylactically in spine surgery, is a recent interest in the trauma sector, where bacterial biofilms are more prevalent. Traditional antibiotics, such as vancomycin, are poor performers against bacterial biofilms thus are ineffective in delayed treatment. Rifampin is an effective eradicator of Staphylococcal biofilms. Here, a rat model of musculoskeletal trauma was used to evaluate the utility of locally applied rifampin powder for reducing established orthopedic Staphylococcal infections in a delayed treatment scenario that previously indicated the limited use of local vancomycin. By applying rifampin powder directly to the contaminated segmental defect, the number of bacteria, as well as clinical indications of infection, were significantly reduced compared to vancomycin and daptomycin. Considering the Infectious Disease Society of America's recommendation to use rifampin in combination with another antibiotic to reduce the onset of rifampin resistance, rifampin powder was also applied in combination with vancomycin or daptomycin with insignificant changes in eradication performance. No indications of rifampin resistance were identified. Clinical Significance: The use of locally applied rifampin is a promising therapy for mature and tolerant musculoskeletal infections. Published 2018. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. J Orthop Res 36:3136–3141, 2018.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3136-3141
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antibiotic tolerance
  • biofilm
  • local antibiotic
  • open fractures
  • Staphylococcus aureus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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