Topographic transcriptomics of the nucleus accumbens shell: Identification and validation of fatty acid binding protein 5 as target for cocaine addiction

Elizabeth J. Crofton, Miroslav N. Nenov, Yafang Zhang, Cynthia M. Tapia, Joseph Donnelly, Shyny Koshy, Fernanda Laezza, Thomas A. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Substance use disorders for cocaine are major public health concerns with few effective treatment options. Therefore, identification of novel pharmacotherapeutic targets is critical for future therapeutic development. Evolution has ensured that genes are expressed largely only where they are needed. Therefore, examining the gene expression landscape of the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcSh), a brain region important for reward related behaviors, may lead to the identification of novel targets for cocaine use disorder. In this study, we conducted a novel two-step topographic transcriptomic analysis using five seed transcripts with enhanced expression in the NAcSh to identify transcripts with similarly enhanced expression utilizing the correlation feature to search the more than 20,000 in situ hybridization experiments of the Allen Mouse Brain Atlas. Transcripts that correlated with at least three seed transcripts were analyzed with Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). We identified 7-fold more NAcSh-enhanced transcripts than our previous analysis using single voxels in the NAcSh as the seed. Analysis of the resulting transcripts with IPA identified many previously identified signaling pathways such as retinoic acid signaling as well as novel pathways. Manipulation of the retinoic acid pathway specifically in the NAcSh of male rats via viral vector-mediated RNA interference targeting fatty acid binding protein 5 (FABP5) decreased cocaine self-administration and modulates excitability of medium spiny neurons in the NAcSh. These results not only validate the prospective strategy of conducting a topographic transcriptomic analysis, but also further validate retinoic acid signaling as a promising pathway for pharmacotherapeutic development against cocaine use disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108398
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume183
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021

Keywords

  • Drug addiction
  • FABP5
  • Nucleus accumbens
  • Retinoic acid
  • Topographic transcriptomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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