Toward ambulatory arteriovenous CO2 removal

Initial studies and prototype development

Dongfang Wang, Scott Lick, Scott K. Alpard, Donald J. Deyo, Clare Savage, Alexander Duarte, Sean Chambers, Joseph B. Zwischenberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extracorporeal arteriovenous carbon dioxide removal (AVCO2R) using percutaneous cannulae and a low resistance gas exchanger achieves near total CO2 removal, allowing lung rest and potentially improving survival. AVCO2R, redesigned to allow ambulation, has potential as treatment for severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or rehabilitation before lung transplant. The purposes of this study were to 1) determine the optimal ambulatory access for AVCO2 removal and 2) develop a prototype Ambulatory-AVCO2R gas exchanger. Initially, reinforced Gore-Tex 6 mm (two) and 8 mm (four) grafts were anastomosed to sheep carotid arteries and jugular veins as a loop in parallel to the cranial circulation to determine blood flow capabilities. Blood flow was 100-150 ml/min with a 14 gauge dialysis needle, and transected 6 mm Gore-Tex grafts achieved 500-900 ml blood flow, whereas transected 8 mm grafts achieved up to 2000 ml/min flow. The polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) loops were then connected to our newly developed ultra low resistance pumpless gas exchanger for ambulatory AVCO2R. The average pressure gradient across the prototype Ambulatory-AVCO2R gas exchangers (n = 5) was 2.8 ± 0.8 mm Hg, and mean CO2 removal was 104.8 ± 14.0 ml/min, with an average blood flow of 900 ml/min. We conclude that an 8 mm Gore-Tex reinforced graft arteriovenous loop supplies ample blood flow for our new ultra low resistance Ambulatory-AVCO 2R to achieve near total CO2 removal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-567
Number of pages4
JournalASAIO Journal
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2003

Fingerprint

Blood
Grafts
Transplants
Gases
Lung
Pulmonary diseases
Dialysis
Jugular Veins
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Pressure gradient
Carotid Arteries
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Carbon Dioxide
Patient rehabilitation
Needles
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Gages
Walking
Sheep
Carbon dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Wang, D., Lick, S., Alpard, S. K., Deyo, D. J., Savage, C., Duarte, A., ... Zwischenberger, J. B. (2003). Toward ambulatory arteriovenous CO2 removal: Initial studies and prototype development. ASAIO Journal, 49(5), 564-567. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.MAT.0000084116.78848.0C

Toward ambulatory arteriovenous CO2 removal : Initial studies and prototype development. / Wang, Dongfang; Lick, Scott; Alpard, Scott K.; Deyo, Donald J.; Savage, Clare; Duarte, Alexander; Chambers, Sean; Zwischenberger, Joseph B.

In: ASAIO Journal, Vol. 49, No. 5, 09.2003, p. 564-567.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, D, Lick, S, Alpard, SK, Deyo, DJ, Savage, C, Duarte, A, Chambers, S & Zwischenberger, JB 2003, 'Toward ambulatory arteriovenous CO2 removal: Initial studies and prototype development', ASAIO Journal, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 564-567. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.MAT.0000084116.78848.0C
Wang, Dongfang ; Lick, Scott ; Alpard, Scott K. ; Deyo, Donald J. ; Savage, Clare ; Duarte, Alexander ; Chambers, Sean ; Zwischenberger, Joseph B. / Toward ambulatory arteriovenous CO2 removal : Initial studies and prototype development. In: ASAIO Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 49, No. 5. pp. 564-567.
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