The mechanisms responsible for the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-induced increase in cellular oncogene RNAs for c-jun, c-fos, and c-myc in human embryo lung cells (I. Boldogh, S. AbuBakar, and T. Albrecht, Science 247:561-564, 1990) were investigated. Results of transcription assays indicated that the rapid increase in RNA levels for the above-noted oncogenes was controlled at the transcriptional level and was related to enhanced transcription. The maximum rates of transcription for c-jun and c-fos genes occurred at 40 min postinfection, while for the c-myc gene the maximum rate occurred at about 60 min. The magnitude of HCMV-induced activation of these cellular genes was similar to the activation induced by serum. The half-lives of the cellular oncogenes showed similar decay rates after either serum or HCMV activation when measured by dactinomycin chase. The half-life for c-fos or c-jun was about 20 min, and that for c-myc was about 40 min. Furthermore, inhibition of the RNA increase by dactinomycin or by α-amanitin suggested that the increase in RNA levels was due to an increase in the transcriptional activity of oncogenes triggered by HCMV.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science