Transcription and Reward Systems

A. Kumar, T. A. Green, S. J. Russo, W. Renthal, E. J. Nestler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Drug addiction is characterized by very stable behavioral abnormalities, which in turn are mediated by stable abnormalities in the brain's reward pathways. This has led to the view that drugs of abuse cause addiction, in part, by inducing long-lasting changes in gene expression in these vulnerable regions of the brain. Stable abnormalities in reward are also seen in several other psychiatric conditions (e.g., depression and mania), which implicates altered gene expression in brain reward regions in these conditions as well. The objective of this article is to summarize evidence for a role of changes in gene expression in animal models of addiction and depression and to focus on some of the particular transcription factors that underlie these maladaptive changes in brain function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages1063-1070
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Kumar, A., Green, T. A., Russo, S. J., Renthal, W., & Nestler, E. J. (2009). Transcription and Reward Systems. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 1063-1070). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00195-9